Is There A Basis To Believe That Vaccines Contain Blood?

Is There A Basis To Believe That Vaccines Contain Blood?

Lawrence B. Palevsky, MD, ABIHM

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April 2019
Is There A Basis To Believe That Vaccines Contain Blood?

To Whom it May Concern:

In the course of my practice of pediatric and adolescent medicine, I’ve encountered parents who have chosen to withhold vaccinations from their children based upon religious objections.

As I understand it, placing the blood of others into their bodies is prohibited, as some parents interpret their religion’s commandments.

Presenting this rationale in application for exemption from school immunizations rests on the factual question: Do components of blood remain in the final vaccine products?

Inasmuch as some school administrations have required evidence to prove that blood material is actually present in the vials of all vaccines, I’ve undertaken to review the best available evidence: The ingredients listed by the manufacturers.

As the report on the following pages indicate, it does appear that all of the mandated vaccines I’ve listed contain blood components. Perhaps this will resolve the medical aspect of this issue.

Lawrence B. Palevsky, MD

Whether a vaccine is manufactured using a cell line (e.g., human, animal, insect), cultivated in a chick embryo or using yeast, blood components still inevitably get into the final product.

Human Cell Strains in Vaccine Development

When a vaccine is manufactured using a cell line propagated from human or animal tissue, the requirement for growth and propagation of these cell lines is fetal bovine/calf serum, human serum albumin, and/or bovine serum albumin, all of which are blood components. Serum from human and bovine sources are commonly used to support the growth of cells in culture.

Essentially, blood is ubiquitous to life, and all animal cells are nourished by the components that comprise blood. That includes the antigens within those cells, which later become the active ingredients in vaccines.

Serum and albumin provide the basic nutrients, both in the solution, as well as bound to the proteins for cells. These components are derived from the blood drawn from a bovine fetus via a closed system of collection at the slaughterhouse, or from blood donated by people. Fetal bovine serum is the most widely used serum- supplement for the in-vitro cell culture of eukaryotic cells. Serum components, including blood and its byproducts, inevitably end up in the final vaccine product. Thus, all vaccines manufactured using fetal calf serum, human serum, or bovine serum albumin, contain blood.

Two main human cell strains have been used to develop currently available vaccines, in each case with the original fetal cells in question obtained in the 1960s. The WI-38 cell strain was developed in 1962 in the United States, and the MRC-5 cell strain, also started with fetal lung cells, was developed using Hayflick’s technology in 1970 at the Medical Research Center in the United Kingdom.

The following vaccine examples were developed using either the WI-38 or the MRC-5 cell strains and, therefore, contain fetal calf serum, bovine serum albumin, or human serum albumin in the final products, as listed in the manufacturing process description in the package inserts:

  1. Hepatitis A vaccines [VAQTA/Merck, Havrix/GlaxoSmithKline, and part of Twinrix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Rubella vaccine [MERUVAX II/Merck, part of MMR II/Merck, and ProQuad/Merck]
  3. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine [Varivax/Merck, and part of ProQuad/Merck]
  4. Zoster (shingles) vaccine [Zostavax/Merck]
  5. Adenovirus Type 4 and Type 7 oral vaccine [Barr Labs]
  6. Rabies vaccine [IMOV AX/Sanofi Pasteur]
  7. Measles combo vaccine [ProQuad/ ]

Hayflick, L., Moorhead, P.S. The serial cultivation of human diploid cell strains. Experimental Cell Research. 1961; 25(3):585. 

Additional cell lines that are used in vaccine manufacturing are derived from animals including monkeys (Vero cells) and dogs (MDCK cells). The propagation of these cells also requires supplementation with calf/bovine serum similarly as with WI-38 and MRC-5 cell lines.

The following vaccine examples were developed using either Vero or MDCK cells and contain calf serum, and in the case of Flucelvax, canine DNA and proteins in the final product as listed in the description of the manufacturing process in the package inserts:

  1. DTaP combo vaccines [Kinrix/GlaxoSmithKline, Pediarix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Influenza vaccine [Flucelvax/Seqirus]
  3. Polio vaccine Polio [IPV–Ipol/ ]
  4. Japanese encephalitis vaccine [Ixiaro/Valneva]
  5. Rotavirus vaccine [RotaTeq/Merck]
  6. Smallpox vaccine [Vaccinia-ACAM2000/Emergent BioSolutions]

When a vaccine is manufactured using insect cells, its propagation requires supplementation with amino acids. Some amino acids, like proline and hydroxyproline, are precipitated from gelatin hydrolysates.

Gelatin is a yellowish, odorless, and nearly tasteless substance that is made by prolonged boiling of skin, cartilage, and bones from animals. It’s made primarily from the stuff meat industries have left over—pork skins, horns, and cattle bones. Gelatin by its manufacturing process contains blood components. Therefore, any vaccine supplemented with amino acids by its nature will have blood components.

The following vaccine examples were developed using insect cells, and were supplemented with amino acids derived from gelatin hydrolysates which were made from animal tissue and, thus, contain blood components.

  1. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine [Cerverix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Influenza vaccine [Flublok/Sanofi Pasteur]

When a vaccine is manufactured using yeast, the manufacturing of the virus in yeast requires supplementation with amino acids. As mentioned above, some amino acids like proline and hydroxyproline are precipitated from gelatin hyrdolysates. Gelatin is derived from boiling animal skin, cartilage, and bones. Therefore, even vaccines manufactured using yeast cells inevitably contain blood components.

The following vaccine examples were developed using yeast culture and were supplemented with amino acids, some of which were derived from gelatin hydrolysates. These vaccines contain blood components from the amino acids derivation.

  1. Hepatits B and combo vaccines [Comvax (combo of Pedvax/Merck and Recombivax/Merck)/Merck, Recombivax/Merck, Twinrix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines [Gardasil/Merck, Gardasil 9/Merck]
  3. Pneumococcal vaccines [PCV13 – Prevnar 13/Wyeth, PPSV-23 – Pneumovax/Merck]
  4. Meningococcal vaccines [MCV4-Menveo/GlaxoSmithKline, MPSV4-Menomune/Sanofi Pasteur,MCV4-Menactra/Sanofi Pasteur]
  5. Rotavirus vaccine [Rotarix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  6. Td vaccines [Tenivac/Sanofi Pasteur, TDvax/MassBiologics]
  7. Tdap vaccines [Adacel/Sanofi Pasteur, Boosterix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  8. Typhoid vaccine [Vivotif/Berna Biotech]

When a vaccine is manufactured using chick embryos (eggs), similarly as with developing vaccines using human or animal cell lines, the final vaccine product will have blood components because the egg yolk has blood that supplies the growing chick.

The following vaccine examples were developed using chick embryo cells and contain egg proteins contaminated with blood from the embryo in the final product.

  1. Influenza vaccines [Afluria/ Seqirus, Agriflu/Seqirus, Fluarix/GlaxoSmithKline, Fluvirin/Seqirus, Flulaval/GlaxoSmithKline, Fluzone/Sanofi Pasteur, Flumist/MedImmune]
  2. Rabies vaccine [RabAvert/GlaxoSmithKline]
  3. Yellow fever vaccine [YF-Vax/Sanofi Pasteur]

A BCG vaccine (Tice) manufactured by Merck contains glycerin which is a common ingredient used in many pharmaceuticals. Glycerin is derived from animal fat which also is inevitably contaminated with blood. Glycerin is an organic compound known more formally as glycerol. Its common sources are animal fat.

Many vaccines have gelatin. As stated, gelatin is a protein formed by boiling animal skin or connective tissue. Gelatin is used to stabilize vaccines so they remain effective after completion of the manufacturing process. All gelatin contained in vaccines is porcine in origin. All animal byproducts contain blood.

The following vaccine examples contain gelatin for stabilization purposes and thus contain blood components, through the manufacturing process, in the final product.

  1. Influenza vaccine [Flumist/Medimmune]
  2. Measles combo vaccine [MMR-II/Merck, ProQuad/Merck]
  3. Rabies vaccine [Rabavert/Novartis]
  4. Shingles (zoster) vaccine [Zostavax/Merck]
  5. Typhoid oral vaccine [Vivotif/Berna Biotech]
  6. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine [Varivax/Merck]
  7. Yellow fever vaccine [YF-Vax/Sanofi Pasteur]

As described in detail above, and from the table below, it is clearly evident that vaccines inherently are contaminated with blood components and blood byproducts. The manufacturing process does not remove them from the final vaccine product. [Blood-related material is in boldface in the following table.]

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sucrose, D-mannose, D-fructose, dextrose, potassium phosphate, plasdone C, anhydrous lactose, micro crystalline cellulose, polacrilin potassium, magnesium stearate, cellulose acetate phthalate, alcohol, acetone, castor oil, FD&C Yellow #6 aluminum lake dye, human serum albumin, fetal bovine serum, sodium bicarbonate, human-diploid fibroblast cell cultures (WI-38), Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium, monosodium glutamate

Fetal bovine serum, human cells

Apr 2014

aluminum hydroxide, benzethonium chloride, formaldehyde, amino acids, vitamins, inorganic salts and sugars

YES: Gelatin from amino acids

Nov 2015

glycerin, asparagine, citric acid, potassium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, Iron ammonium citrate, lactose

YES: Animal fat from glycerin

Feb 2009

aluminum potassium sulfate, peptone, bovine extract, formaldehyde, thimerosal (trace), modified Mueller and Miller medium, ammonium sulfate

Bovine extract

Jun 2018

formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, polysorbate 80, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium

YES: Bovine extract

Nov 2013

formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, Vero (monkey kidney) cells, calf serum, lactalbumin hydrolysate, polysorbate 80, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium

YES: calf serum, monkey cells, bovine extract

Nov 2013

formaldehyde, gluteraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, lactalbumin hydrolysate, polysorbate 80, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, yeast protein, calf serum, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium, Vero (monkey kidney) cells

YES: calf serum, bovine extract, monkey cells

Nov 2013

aluminum phosphate, polysorbate 80, formaldehyde, sucrose, gutaraldehyde, bovine serum albumin, 2-phenoxethanol, neomycin, polymyxin B sulfate, Mueller’s Growth Medium, Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium (without beef heart infusion), Stainer-Scholte medium (modified by the addition of casamino acids and dimethyl- beta- cyclodextrin), MRC-5 (human diploid) cells, CMRL 1969 medium (supplemented with calf serum), ammonium sulfate, and medium 199

YES: calf serum, human cells

Sep 2016

yeast (vaccine contains no detectable yeast DNA), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, hemin chloride, soy peptone, dextrose, mineral salts, amino acids, formaldehyde, potassium aluminum sulfate, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, sodium borate, phenol, ethanol, enzymes, detergent

YES: Gelatin from amino acids

Dec 2010

aluminum hydroxide, amino acid supplement, polysorbate 20, formalin, neomycin sulfate, MRC-5 cellular proteins

YES: gelatin from amino acids, human cells

Dec 2013

amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, bovine albumin, formaldehyde, neomycin, sodium borate, MRC-5 (human diploid) cells

YES: bovine serum, human cells

Dec 2018

yeast protein, soy peptone, dextrose, amino acids, mineral salts, potassium aluminum sulfate, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, formaldehyde, phosphate buffer

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Dec 2018

Hep A/Hep B
(T winrix)

formalin, yeast protein, aluminum phosphate, aluminum hydroxide, amino acids, phosphate buffer, polysorbate 20, neomycin sulfate, MRC-5 human diploid cells

YES: gelatin from amino acids, human cells

Aug 2012

vitamins, amino acids, lipids, mineral salts, aluminum hydroxide, sodium dihydrogen phosphate dehydrate, 3-O- desacyl-4’ Monophosphoryl lipid A, insect cell, bacterial, and viral protein

YES: gelatin from amino acids, lipids from animal fat, insect cells

Nov 2013

yeast protein, vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts, carbohydrates, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, L- histidine, polysorbate 80, sodium borate

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Apr 2015

yeast protein, vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts, carbohydrates, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, L- histidine, polysorbate 80, sodium borate

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Oct 2018

beta-propiolactone, thimerosol (multi-dose vials only), monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, sodium taurodeoxycholate, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, egg protein, sucrose

YES: chick embryo cells

Jun 2018

egg proteins, formaldehyde, polysorbate 80, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, neomycin sulfate, kanamycin, barium

YES: chick embryo cells

Feb 2013

Influenza (Fluarix) Trivalent and Quadrivalent

octoxynol-10 (Triton X-100)-tocopheryl hydrogen succinate, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), hydrocortisone, gentamicin sulfate, ovalbumin, formaldehyde, sodium deoxycholate, sucrose, phosphate buffer

YES: chick embryo cells

Jul 2018

monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, polysorbate 20, baculovirus and host cell proteins, baculovirus and cellular DNA, Triton X- 100, lipids, vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts

YES: gelatin from amino acids, insect cells

Mar 2018

Influenza (Flucelvax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m329134.pdf

Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell protein, MDCK cell DNA, beta- propiolactone, phosphate buffer

YES: canine cells

Apr 2016

Influenza (Fluvirin)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m123694.pdf

nonylphenol ethoxylate, thimerosal (multi- dose vial–trace only in prefilled syringe), polymyxin, neomycin, beta-propiolactone, egg proteins, phosphate buffer

YES: chick embryo cells

Mar 2017

Influenza (Flulaval) Trivalent and Quadrivalent https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m112904.pdf

thimerosal, formaldehyde, sodium deoxycholate, egg proteins, phosphate buffer

YES: chick embryo cells

Nov 2016

Influenza (Fluzone: Standard) Trivalent and Quadrivalent, High-Dose, and Intradermal https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m356094.pdf

formaldehyde, octylphenol ethoxylate (Triton X-100), gelatin (standard trivalent formulation only), thimerosal (multi-dose vial only), egg protein, phosphate buffers, sucrose

YES: gelatin, chick embryo cells

Jan 2019

Influenza (FluMist) Quadrivalent https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM294307.pdf

ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), monosodium glutamate, hydrolyzed porcine gelatin, arginine, sucrose, dibasic potassium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, gentamicin sulfate, egg protein

YES: gelatin, chick embryo cells

Jan 2018

Japanese Encephalitis (Ixiaro) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142569.pdf

aluminum hydroxide, Vero cells, protamine sulfate, formaldehyde, bovine serum albumin, sodium metabisulphite, sucrose

YES: bovine serum, monkey cells

Sep 2018

Meningococcal (MCV4-Menactra) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m131170.pdf

formaldehyde, phosphate buffers, Mueller Hinton agar, Watson Scherp media, Modified Mueller and Miller medium, detergent, alcohol, ammonium sulfate

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Apr 2018

Meningococcal (MCV4-Menveo) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m201349.pdf

formaldehyde, amino acids, yeast extract, Franz complete medium, CY medium

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Aug 2013

Meningococcal (MPSV4-Menomune) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m308370.pdf

thimerosal (multi-dose vial only), lactose, Mueller Hinton casein agar, Watson Scherp media, detergent, alcohol

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Mar 2016


https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/UCM12 3789.pdf

Medium 199 (vitamins, amino acids, fetal bovine serum, sucrose, glutamate) , Minimum Essential Medium, phosphate, recombinant human albumin, neomycin, sorbitol, hydrolyzed gelatin, chick embryo cell culture, WI-38 human diploid lung fibroblasts

YES: fetal bovine serum, human serum, gelatin, human cells, chick embryo cells

Jun 2014

MMRV (ProQuad)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m123796.pdf

sucrose, hydrolyzed gelatin, sorbitol, monosodium L-glutamate, sodium phosphate dibasic, human albumin, sodium bicarbonate, potassium phosphate monobasic, potassium chloride, potassium phosphate dibasic, neomycin, bovine calf serum, chick embryo cell culture, WI-38 human diploid lung fibroblasts, MRC-5 cells

YES: gelatin, calf serum, chick embryo cells, human cells, monkey cells

Mar 2017

Pneumococcal (PCV13 – Prevnar 13) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM574852.pdf

casamino acids, yeast, ammonium sulfate, Polysorbate 80, succinate buffer, aluminum phosphate, soy peptone broth

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Aug 2017

Pneumococcal (PPSV-23 – Pneumovax) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM257088.pdf

Phenol, gelatin

YES: gelatin for stabilization of vaccine

May 2015

Polio (IPV – Ipol)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m133479.pdf

2-phenoxyethanol, formaldehyde, neomycin, streptomycin, polymyxin B, monkey kidney cells, Eagle MEM modified medium, calf serum protein, Medium 199

YES: calf serum, monkey cells

May 2013

Rabies (Imovax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m133484.pdf

Human albumin, neomycin sulfate, phenol red indicator, MRC-5 human diploid cells, beta-propriolactone

YES: human albumin, monkey cells

Apr 2013

Rabies (RabAvert)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m312931.pdf

beta-propiolactone, potassium glutamate, chicken protein, egg protein, neomycin, chlortetracycline, amphotericin B, human serum albumin, polygeline (processed bovine gelatin), sodium EDTA, bovine serum

YES: chick embryo cells, human albumin, gelatin, bovine serum

Mar 2012

Rotavirus (RotaTeq)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142288.pdf

sucrose, sodium citrate, sodium phosphate monobasic monohydrate, sodium hydroxide, polysorbate 80, cell culture media, fetal bovine serum, vero

cells [DNA from porcine circoviruses (PCV) 1 and 2 has been detected in RotaTeq. PCV-1 and PCV-2 are not known to cause disease in humans.]

YES: bovine serum, monkey cells

Feb 2017

Rotavirus (Rotarix)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m133539.pdf

amino acids, dextran, sorbitol, sucrose, calcium carbonate, xanthan, Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (potassium chloride, magnesium sulfate, ferric (III) nitrate, sodium phosphate, sodium pyruvate, D- glucose, concentrated vitamin solution, L-cystine, L-tyrosine, amino acids solution, L-glutamine, calcium chloride, sodium hydrogenocarbonate, and phenol red) [Porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV-1) is present in Rotarix.]

YES: gelatin from amino acids

May 2014

Smallpox (Vaccinia – ACAM2000) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142572.pdf

human serum albumin, mannitol, neomycin, glycerin, polymyxin B, phenol, Vero cells, HEPES

YES: human albumin, monkey cells

Mar 2018

Td (Tenivac)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/UCM15 2826.pdf

aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, modified Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium without beef heart infusion, ammonium sulfate

YES: gelatin for stabilization and from amino acids

Apr 2013

Td (TDvax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m164127.pdf

aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, thimerosal (trace), ammonium phosphate, modified Mueller’s media (containing bovine extracts)

YES: bovine extract

Sep 2018

Tdap (Adacel)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142764.pdf

aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, 2-phenoxyethanol, ammonium sulfate, Stainer-Scholte medium, dimethyl-beta-cyclodextrin, modified Mueller’s growth medium, Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium (without beef heart infusion)

YES: gelatin for stabilization and from amino acids

Jan 2019

Tdap (Boostrix)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/ucm1528 42.pdf

formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), Latham medium derived from bovine casein, Fenton medium containing a bovine extract, Stainer-Scholte liquid medium

YES: bovine extract

Feb 2013

Typhoid (Vivotif)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142807.pdf

yeast extract, casein, dextrose, galactose, sucrose, ascorbic acid, amino acids, lactose, magnesium stearate. gelatin

YES: gelatin

Sep 2013

Varicella (Varivax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM142812.pdf

sucrose, phosphate, glutamate, gelatin, monosodium L-glutamate, sodium phosphate dibasic, potassium phosphate monobasic, potassium chloride, sodium phosphate monobasic, potassium chloride, EDTA, residual components of MRC-5 cells including DNA and protein, neomycin, fetal bovine serum, human diploid cell cultures (WI-38), embryonic guinea pig cell cultures, human embryonic lung cultures

YES: monkey cells, bovine serum, human cells

Oct 2018

Yellow Fever (YF-Vax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142831.pdf

sorbitol, gelatin, egg protein

YES: gelatin, chick embryo cells

Jun 2016

Zoster (Shingles – Zostavax) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m132831.pdf

sucrose, hydrolyzed porcine gelatin, monosodium L-glutamate, sodium phosphate dibasic, potassium phosphate monobasic, neomycin, potassium chloride, residual components of MRC-5 cells including DNA and protein, bovine calf serum

YES: gelatin, monkey cells, bovine serum

Mar 2018

Quantitation Issues

Vaccine manufacturers might have you believe that components of animal and human blood derivatives are undetectable in the final vaccine product, or are found in such minute amounts that they are immaterial. However, newer detection methods have shown otherwise. Not only are blood byproducts detectable in final vaccines, they are possibly at 40 times the amount acceptable by established guidelines. Moreover, these remaining vaccine animal blood products are in quantitatively sufficient amounts to elicit allergic reactions to these components. Here’s just a small sample of scientific articles supporting my assertion.

BSA in a single vaccine dose can be as high 40x the level acceptable and mandated by the WHO of the U.N.:


Evidence of Animal Proteins Causing Allergic Reactions After Vaccination: Calf serum proteins as a possible cause of allergic reactions after vaccination


Human B and T cell epitopes of bovine serum albumin as the cause of beef allergies


Sensitization to serum albumins in children allergic to cow’s milk and epithelia


Sensitization to bovine serum albumin as a possible cause of allergic reactions to vaccines


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Tikkun HaKlali set of ten Psalms whose recital serves as teshuvah (repentance) for all sins

tikkun haklali set of ten Psalms whose recital serves as teshuvah (repentance) for all sins

Tikkun HaKlali (Hebrewתיקון הכללי‎, lit., “The General (or Comprehensive) Rectification”), also known as The General Remedy, is a set of ten Psalms whose recital serves as teshuvah (repentance) for all sins — in particular the sin of wasted seed through involuntary nocturnal emission or masturbation.[1] The Tikkun HaKlali is a unique innovation of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov, and its recital is a regular practice of Breslover Hasidim to this day.

you shal be holy tikkun haklali

Tikun Habrit (Rectifying the sin of spilling seed in vain)

Tikun Habrit (Rectifying the sin of spilling seed in vain)

Tikun Habrit (Rectifying the sin of spilling seed in vain) 


  • Know that there are two sides.
  • The side of good, and the side of evil (Sitra Achrah).
  • G-d created evil to provide man with free will.
  • The Sitra Achrah is like a shell (klipah) it has no energy of its own.
  • All the klipas must receive their substance from the side of holiness (kedusha).
  • In the days of idol worship (avodah zarah) people would consciously channel energy to the forces of evil through meditating and other practices.
  • Human fluids especially, provide substance to demonic forces.
  • It is for this reason that many satanic rituals require semen or blood.
  • All pain and suffering that exists in the world comes from the klipas.
  • In this generation the klipas receive most of their nourishment from people who are pogem their brit (desecrate the convent).
  • The most common of these transgressions is spilling seed (motze zera lvtalah).
  • Unfortunately this sin is quite common today. If people would realize its consequences many would stop.
  • Due to our low level and many sins this topic is ignored
  • Just the opposite, shmiras habrit is the most important issue to deal with today.
  • If people would be shomer habrit (guard the convent) Moshiach would come much faster.
  • Part of the seminal fluid (shichvas zera) comes from the brain, this is sent down the spine.
  • When a person spills seed he is wasting away part of his brain.
  • This lowers all functions of the brain especially memory.
  • Unfortunately most people were pogem since they were young and no longer remember their state of mind before they started.
  • Most people nowadays are controlled by their subconscious. Even conscious acts are strongly tainted by their subconscious.
  • This enslaves a person, strongly limiting his abilities.
  • Again someone who has never been out of the klipas can not associate with this. Through meditation one can feel this.
  • Spilling seed makes this much worse. A persons emotions are thrown totally out of balance.
  • People who are pogem often have a hard time controlling their temper, they are subjects of sadness and depression and lose their self confidence.
  • Wasting seed uses up a lot of of the bodies energy this has many physical manifestations.
  • People who are pogem are always tired and need more sleep.
  • In addition the running of the hormones causes bad body oder and breath.
  • It causes people to bald prematurely and hair growth in strange places.
  • Note it has different effects on different people.
  • Also note any of the things listed above could have been caused by other reasons.
  • There is spiritual energy all over the place.
  • A special part of the brain is designated to receive these signals.
  • However the information entering from the five senses is so strong that it blocks out the spirituality.
  • A person who studies torah keeps halacha and meditates can feel spirituality very strongly. 
  • Even a regular person can feel spirituality to some degree. A person should feel a difference on Shabbat.
  • Someone who is pogem habrit loses almost all his ability to perceive kedusha.
  • One also loses his desire to study torah and do mitzvos.
  • Just like a person creates children through intercourse so to a person draws down souls every time he spills seed.
  • These souls are immediately captured by the forces of evil who torture and starve them stealing all their energy for themselves.
  • The souls brought down through a persons sins are also considered his kids.
  • They are not to happy about the position their father put them in.
  • After a person dies these souls come to take revenge on their father, causing him many problems.
  • In addition they also come after his physical children and try to harm them.
  • There are a number of halochos during the funeral and shivah that help prevent this.
  • Using energy taken from this person, the forces of darkness give birth to Lilim (sexual demons).
  • These demons hang around a person steal his energy, confuse him and stick thoughts in his head.
  • Do not let this amaze you for if one meditates he will see many thoughts streaming through his mind are not his own.
  • These thoughts include sexual thoughts, thoughts denying G-D or just the worthless thoughts that clutter a persons mind most of the day.
  • At night these demons influence the persons dreams, and cause him to have nocturnal emissions (mikreh lilah).
  • If a person knows what he is doing he can climb to high spiritual levels.
  • Someone who was pogem habrit has damaged the sifirah of Yesod, it is impossible for him to get far unless he rectifies the flaws he created.
  • When a person wants to stop being pogem it is very important for him to start learning the basics of Kabbalah.
  • Someone who understands the way things work will have a much easer time listening to halacha and sacrificing for Judaism.
  • In addition if a person meditates he can easily feel the ups and downs of spiritual life.
  • Advice is given in the holy books…if quitting for life is to much for a person to handle he should look at one day or week at a time.
  • Also if a person can overcome his embarrassment and talk to his rabbi or friend about this subject it will help greatly.
  • Many halochos were created to prevent a person from committing this sin.
  • These are especially relevant to people who have already been pogem.
  • Never touch or look at your brit (sexual organ) be especially careful when going to the bathroom or showering.
  • Do not wear tight clothing especially underwear (wear only boxers).
  • Do not do anything that will warm your body before going to sleep. Eating certain foods and wearing certain clothes can give a person temptations.
  • It is self understood that you should not go near any books, movies, magazines, music, Internet and newspapers. All these are overflowing with zuhamah.
  • If one is smart he will avoid them completely. Do not say “I can continue to watch movies, read books but stop sinning” those who say this are fools.
  • Everyone should analyze their own personal situation and devise a plan to escape destruction. This includes many fences and preventive measures.
  • As we mentioned before wasting seed causes a lot of damage in the spiritual worlds and has many physical manifestation. 
  • Stopping is the first step however many rectifications (tikunim) must now be made.
  • Note the more tikunim a person does the better he will feel.
  • Many seforim (holy books) describe tikunim for this sin, however many of them are extremely harsh and not meant for this weak generation.
  • Also note these tikunim can also help a person to stop being pogem, they can remove a lot of the temptations and sexual thoughts.
  • The most important Tikun habrit is to say Tikun Klali every day.
  • Tikun Klali is composed of ten chapters of Tehilim meant to rectify the damage.
  • Chapters 16, 32, 41, 42, 59, 77, 90, 105, 137, 150.
  • Every chapter of Tahilim has a different power, R’ Nachman of Breslev reveled the ten rectifying the brit.
  • It is very powerful tikun, many sages died early for trying to find and reveal this mystery.
  • It takes around ten minutes to say. Reading it even without understanding the words is still a powerful rectification.
  • R’ Nachman said if one says Tikun Klali and goes to the mikvah on the day he had a mikreh lylah, he has nothing to worry about.
  • Tikun Klali also rectifies all sins to some extent and is said by Breslevers every day.
  • Fasting is a very important Tikun habrit. If one can not handle fasting try fasting half a day or eating less then you normally do.
  • Fasting during Shovavim (Mon and Thr Shmos- Mishpatim) works very good as Tikun habrit.
  • The basic kavanah for a fast is as follows … One should meditate that the blood and fat being consumed by body activities, instead of food should be in place of the korbnos (sacrifices) that a person would normally have to bring.
  • Going to the mikvah is an important part of the purification process of Tikun habrit
  • If you can, go every day, if this is not possible try to go at least on erev shabbot.
  • One who has a mikreh liylah (nocturnal emission) or was pogem heaven forbid, must go to the mikvah as soon as possible.
  • The basic kavanos for the mikvah are… First dip remove the tumah (impurity) have in mind that you are cleaning your soul in the mikvah. Second dip have in mind to bring in kedusha (holiness).
  • On erev shabbot dip in a third time for the honor of shabbot. Have in mind to prepare yourself for receiving the influx of the additional shabbot soul.
  • If one can, meditate on the following divine names while under water (do not pronounce them) Chet Bais Vav. Vav Vav Lamed. Bais Yud Tes. If you can try to visualize them.
  • When one enters the mikvah the chitzonyim (outside forces) have no control over him. All his demons fly away. The longer a person stays under water the more he weakens them.
  • Saying shemah before going to sleep not only rectifies his sins it also protects a person from the sexual demons while sleeping.
  • There are a number of references including the double edged sward, the sixty warriors and the whole yoshev bisaser… have these kavanos.
  • If one wakes up at night and feels demons around say “impure ones, impure ones leave now” three times. Also try to wash and say over the first verse of shema.
  • One should do hisbodidute, pray spontaneously to G-D 
  • This should be done every day on any subject, however one who was pogem should also pray to G-D to forgive him and destroy the demons he created.
  • If one can, he should try to cry as he prays.
  • An important kavanah for tikun habrit is done in the amida.
  • When one reaches the blessing about the “dispersed of yisroel” have in mind to gather all the sparks of holiness that you sent into the klipah.
  • Taking the second last letters of the words ychad marba knfos forms the divine name Chet Bais Vav (do not pournounce it).
  • Meditate on this name and pray that the damage you made be rectified.
  • Kanfos also has the gimatryah (numerical equivalence) of Tikun habrit.
  • Like any other sin the biggest rectification is to stop other people from committing the same sin.
  • Try to get other people to stop, do it in a way that won’t embarrass anyone.
  • When you try to stop and rectify your sins there will be crazy opposition from the sitra achrah, demons don’t enjoy being killed. Be strong.
  • If you start then mess up don’t worry, start again. Never give up.

from truekabbalah.org https://bit.ly/2UUeh2k

Rav Kanievsky’s ruling on unvaccinated children in yeshiva

Rav Kanievsky’s ruling on unvaccinated children in schools

In the spring of 2012, Rabbi Kanarek from Beis Rivka Rochel in Lakewood asked Dr Shanick to write down his reasons why schools should refuse unvaccinated children; they also asked one of the non-vaccinating parents to write down his justifications, and they sent both documents to Rav Eliezer Dunner of Bnei Brak who presented them to Maran Hagaon Rav Chaim Kanyevsky Shlita, asking him to rule whether schools should accept or refuse children who are not vaccinated. Rav Dunner Shlita wrote back the following:

To whom it may concern

Concerning children whose parents don’t allow them to be vaccinated, I asked מרן הג”ר חיים קניבסקי שליט”א if one has the right to stop them coming to school or חדר because they might cause other children to become ill ח”ו:

He answered that one cannot stop them from coming to school or חדר.

I understood from him that the חשש that these not-vaccinated children could cause other children who were vaccinated to become ill is so remote that this חשש cannot be taken into consideration as a reason to stop the not-vaccinated children from coming to school or חדר.

He added that if there are parents of vaccinated children who are scared that their children might become ill because of those children who are not vaccinated, then they should keep their vaccinated children at home, but I understood from him that since the חשש is so remote, that they don’t have to be scared.

בברכת “והסירותי מחלה מקרבך ואת מספר ימיך אמלא”                          

אליעזר הלוי דינר.                                                                

On the 29th of Tishrei 5774 (Oct. 30th 2014), many Poskim and gedolim signed the following letter:

The Torah commands, ונשמרתם מאד לנפשותיכם (דברים ד, טו). This Biblical commandment requires one to be very vigilant in caring for one’s life, and to refrain from any action that may put his life or health in danger. The benefits and risks of vaccination is a much-debated topic in medical and scientific circles. Although one may follow the opinion of most doctors and choose to vaccinate his children, the individual who has done his research has the obligation to act according to his knowledge. If his research has led him to understand that the risks of vaccination are greater than its benefits, and particularly when his view is supported by many medical doctors and researchers, the commandment of ונשמרתם מאד לנפשותיכם obligates him to shield his children from vaccines. This is even more so when a parent has reasons to believe that his children are sensitive to vaccines. To act otherwise would be a transgression of the above Biblical commandment.

Schools must honor the request for religious exemption from such parents, for it is entirely justified. Coercing parents to vaccinate against their will under the claim of protecting the public is a display of lack of בטחון, for the risk that the unvaccinated children are posing to the public is statistically so small that it is not the duty of a  מאמין בה’ to worry about it (see the letter of Rav Chaim Kanievsky Shlita. The medical establishment, too, is of the opinion that this risk is insignificant. This is the reason why schools are obligated by law to accept religious exemptions as long as there is no outbreak of preventable disease). Additionally, anyone coercing someone to vaccinate against his better judgment becomes responsible before Hashem for any adverse reaction – big or small – that could result from it, ח”ו.

This letter was signed by (in chronological order):

  • HaRav Shmuel Kamenetzky (R”Y of Philadelphia Yeshiva),
  • HaRav Shmuel Meir Katz (Possek in Lakewood),
  • HaRav Eliezer Halevi Dunner (Rav and Dayan in Bnei Brak),
  • HaRav Arieh Malkiel Kotler (R”Y of BMG, Lakewood),
  • HaRav Binyamin Zev Halpern (Rav in Lakewood),
  • HaRav Elyah Ber Wachtfogel (R”Y of South Fallsburg Yeshiva),
  • HaRav Asher Hashwal (Rav and Dayan in Flatbush),
  • HaRav Mattisyohu Salomon (Mishgiach of BMG, Lakewood) and
  • HaRav Aharon Schechter (R”Y of Chaim Berlin Yeshiva, Flatbush).

NYC is blatantly violating religious vaccine exemptions

NYC is blatantly violating religious vaccine exemptions
An Open Letter to Rabbi Chaim Dovid Zweibel, on religious vaccine exemptions.
Executive Vice President of Agudath Israel of America

Celebrating the Miraculous Victory of the Maccabees against Overwhelming Odds

I was deeply impressed by your speech at the recent Aguda Convention, in which you warned the Jewish Community that there are “Fires Burning” all around us—the fires of Jew-Hatred—and we must be vigilant and pro-active in defending ourselves.

And, that’s why I am so terribly disappointed and dismayed at the total silence of Agudath Israel in the face of the massive assault by New York City on our most treasured Jewish institutions, our Yeshivas and
Bais Yaakov Schools.

You will recall that, a few years ago, the NYC Department of Health (DOH) viciously attacked Traditional Bris Milah and our Holy Rabbinical Mohalim, accusing them of murdering our children. Thank G-D, Agudath Israel led a vigorous legal effort to counter this vicious Blood Libel, and we emerged victoriously.

Today, however, Agudath Israel is strangely silent while NYC prepares to levy massive fines—$50,000—against each and every Yeshiva and Bais Yaakov School which does not expel its completely healthy students who didn’t follow the orders of the DOH and vaccinate as ordered.

Hundreds of perfectly healthy boys and girls have already been thrown out of school in this reign of terror on intimidated Menahalim.

Unfortunately, Agudath Israel has willingly participated in this reign of terror by encouraging the Yeshivas and the Bais Yaakov to comply with the directives of the DOH and throw out these innocent children.

As one of the last remaining Holocaust survivors still alive, I cannot help thinking back to the well-meaning Judenrats who facilitated the extermination of the six million in Europe by registering the Jews and assuring them that all would be well if they cooperated with their Nazi overlords. Only Rabbi Michoel Ber Weissmandel was wise enough to see through the Nazi deception and to warn the Jews that escape and resistance was the only viable option.

The lesson is that Jewish organizations who deal with government must always be on-guard against being co-opted and turned into government agents.

NYC is blatantly violating the religious rights of hundreds of Jewish parents who have dutifully filed a religious exemption statement (religious vaccine exemptions), as they have every right to do, according to the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. By falsely declaring a “National Measles Health Emergency,” which allows NYC to cancel and override all civil rights, NYC has made a mockery of the Constitution.

Measles is not a legitimate “Health Emergency.” It has traditionally been considered an innocuous, routine childhood disease in the United States, not a life-threatening emergency, like the “Black Plague,” or smallpox, or Ebola, which killed tens-of-thousands in Third-World countries, fully justifying extreme quarantine measures to protect the public from contagion.

Before the advent of the measles vaccine in 1963, doctors did not make a big deal over measles. They simply treated measles with vitamin A, in the form of Cod Liver Oil, and the children survived and thrived with a greatly improved natural immune system that gave them protection for a lifetime, unlike the measles vaccination in current use.

In fact, doctors even encouraged parents to expose their children to measles, in order for their children to obtain the benefits of lifetime immunity and a greatly improved immune system.

Now, NYC is, once again, using the tried-and-true method of the Blood Libel, this time against Jewish Children who are perfectly healthy, who have dared to commit the unforgivable sin of defying the arrogant bureaucrats at the NYC DOH. NYC is determined to teach these Jewish “Refusniks” a lesson by trampling on their civil rights.

If you have been paying attention, you have probably noted that NYC proudly labels itself a “Sanctuary City” for illegal immigrants, and in pursuit of this ideal, NYC proudly ignores all the virulent diseases that these illegals are bringing into the City, diseases like AWG, a form of polio, for which the vaunted DOH claims total ignorance, that it is of “unknown” origin, or tuberculosis, which is experiencing a comeback in this country.

A Harvard study has demonstrated that illegals studiously avoid doctors, for fear of being discovered and deported, preferring to anonymously use hospital emergency rooms when they have a medical issue. NYC has not instituted a comparable terror campaign among the one million students of the public schools to expel illegal alien children who don’t meet community health standards.

Vaccines have been proven by the “Vaccine Court” of the U.S. to cause Autism, paralysis, and brain damage. Vaccines have also been implicated in the exponential rise of autoimmune diseases, like ADHD, allergies, Crohn’s Disease, Diabetes etc.

The U.S. “Vaccine Court has already awarded four billion dollars to
vaccine-damaged children, even though Dr. David Aaron Kessler, former Commissioner of the FDA, has publicly stated only one in 100 vaccine damages are reported to the CDC by doctors.

Since there is no compulsory surveillance by the CDC on vaccine damages, as there is in measles, and in herpes after a Bris Milah, no doctor in his right mind reports vaccine damage. Doctors routinely deny any connections to the vaccines they give, even if the damage occurs just a few hours after vaccination.

Parents who don’t vaccinate are not stupid, ignorant, mindless “Anti-Vaxxers,” as the DOH propagandists and their overseers at the CDC would have you believe. They are very intelligent people who have made a carefully-considered, educated decision that vaccines are more dangerous than the standard “childhood diseases,” –- measles, mumps, and chicken pox (varicella).

According to a survey by the Associated Press, parents who refuse vaccinations are overwhelmingly well-educated people who have discovered that the U.S Congress and the Supreme Court have openly admitted that vaccines are “Unavoidably Unsafe,” and that, therefore, drug companies cannot be held liable for vaccine-related brain damages, autoimmune diseases, and deaths.

These parents have reviewed the opinions of many highly-qualified doctors, like Robert Mendelssohn, professor of Pediatrics at the University of Chicago, Meyer Eisenstein of the Homefirst Clinics Group in Chicago, prolific medical author Richard Moskowitz of Boston, Lawrence Palevsky of the Integrated Medicine Clinic in Long Island, and many, many others.

J. Anthony Morris, Ph.D., former Chief Vaccine Control Officer of the FDA, and Dr. Malcolm Kendrick, Center for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford University are both highly critical of dangerous flu shots and vaccinology in general.

Hagaon Rav Moshe Feinstein OB”M openly stated that many doctors are Reshoim because they unnecessarily terrorize the public to achieve their agenda. He condemned people who treat doctors as if they were a form of
Avoda Zorah—strange idols. He has also stated, in Igros Moshe,
Orach Chaim-90, that all medications—and especially injections—are risky.

Rabbi Jonathan Rietti agrees: “Many people believe that the letters M.D. stand for “Minor Deity;” others believe that they stand for “Major Deity!”

Here is the revealing testimony of Dr. Thomas Cowan, prominent family doctor of San Francisco, California:

“Children do die from vaccines; the only debate is over how often it happens. To vaccinate a child and then witness them die is not something I could ever live with, which is why I’m grateful to have vaccinated so few children. Nor could I live with watching a child embark on a potentially lifelong struggle with an autoimmune disease or autism following the administration of a vaccine. The medical establishment continues to deny this outcome, but research continues and evidence is mounting.”

The death rate of babies in the United States is 6/1000, double that of other advanced countries, like Japan and Sweden (CIA World Databook.)

The number of vaccines given to young children in the U.S. is approximately double that of advanced countries like Japan and Sweden— 26 compared to only 12 in Japan and Sweden.

Can’t you discern the straight-line relationship between a number of vaccines were given and death rates?

(The death rate of children in Israel is 4/1000—right in between Japan and the U.S., and the number of vaccines is also right in between—18.)

The Menahalim of the yeshivas and the principals of the Bais Yaakovs are not capable of fighting the rogue bureaucrats at the DOH alone. They lack the expertise and the funding. They are easily victimized by manufactured propaganda. Only Aguda has the ability to get to the truth and to leverage the courts to reign-in the rogues and scoundrels at the DOH.

I hope you will listen to those two great Roshei Yeshiva on Your Moetzes
Gedolei Hatorah, Rav Shmuel Kamenetsky, and Rav Aryeh Malkiel Kotler, as you always claim to do, and immediately take action to defend our Yeshivos and Bais Yaakovs against this Blood Libel, before it’s too late to save the hundreds of innocent Jewish children who are now in serious trouble.

A fire is burning our children. The time to act is now!

With great sadness,

Rabbi William Handler, Board Member
MDC/Mothers Defending Children


Prior to going to sleep, many Jews recite The Bedtime Shema consisting of following prayers which are believed to bring peace and comfort to one as they sleep. Scholars used to teach that during the night demons come searching for innocent souls, however, completing The Bedtime Shema would protect them from such dangers.  The Bedtime Shema prayers are structured around the Shema which many Jews believe will protect them in the afterlife if they unexpectedly die while sleeping.


We take a moment to examine our actions of the day and search for any negativity we may have caused others or others may have caused us. Through this blessing, we seek to correct any damage done, as well as forgive those who may have done damage to us. This is not said on Shabbat and Festivals.

Ribono shel olam,
Ruler of the universe,
hareini mochel l’chol mi
I hereby forgive anyone who
shehichis v’hiknit oti,
angered or antagonized me,
o shechata k’negdi,
or who did wrong against me,
bein b’gufi bein b’mamoni,
whether against my body or whether against my property,
bein bichvodi
whether against my honor
bein b’chol asher li,
or whether against anything that is mine,
bein b’ones bein b’ratzon,
whether they did so accidentally or whether willfully,
bein b’shogeg bein b’mezid,
whether carelessly or whether purposely,
bein b’dibud bein b’ma-aseh,
whether through speech or whether through deed,
bein b’machashavah bein b’hirhur,
whether in deliberation or whether with fleeting thought,
bein b’gilgul zeh
whether in this transmigration
bein b’gilgul acher,
or whether in another transmigration,
l’chol bar Yisra-el,
all of the children of Israel,
v’lo ye-anesh shum adam b’sibati.
and may no one receive negative effects because of me.
Y’hi ratzon mil’fanecha,
May it be Your will before You,
Adonai Elohai
Adonai my Elohim
v’Elohei avotai,
and Elohim of my ancestors,

shelo echeta od,
that I will not transgress again,
umah shechatati l’fanecha
and whatever transgressions I have done before You
m’chok b’rachamecha harabim,
may You erase in Your abundant mercies,
aval lo al y’dei yisurim
but not by means of suffering
vachalayim ra-im.
or evil illnesses.
Yih’yu l’ratzon imrei fi
May the words of my mouth
v’hegyon libi l’fanecha,
and the meditation of my heart be acceptable to You,
Adonai tzuri v’go-ali.
Adonai my Rock and Redeemer


This blessing ensures that our soul safely departs our body while it sleeps and returns to
our body when we awake.

Baruch atah Adonai
Blessed are You Adonai
Eloheinu melech ha-olam,
our Elohim Sovereign of the universe,
hamapil chevlei shenah al einai,
Who casts the bonds of sleep upon my eyes,
utnumah al af-apai,
and slumber upon my eyelids,
ume-ir l’ishon bat ayin.
and Who illuminates the pupil of the eye.
Vihi ratzon mil’fanecha,
May it be Your will before You,
Adonai Elohai v’Eilohei avotai,
Adonai my Elohim and Elohim of my ancestors,
shetashkiveni l’shalom,
that You lay me down to sleep in peace,
v’ta-amideni l’chayim tovim
and raise me up for life that is good

and for peace.
V’ten chelki b’Toratecha,
Grant that my portion be in Your Torah,
v’targileni lidvar mitzvah,
and may I be occupied with matters of mitzvot,
v’al targileni lidvar averah,
and may I not be occupied with matters of wrongdoing,
v’al t’vi-eni lo lidei chet,
and do not bring me into a state of negativity neither,
v’lo lidei nisayon,
nor into a state of trial,
v’lo lidei vizayon,
nor into a state of scorn,
v’yishlot bi yetzer tov,
and allow the the Good Inclination to dominate over me,
v’al yishlot bi yetzer hara,
and do not all the Evil Inclination to dominate over me,
v’tatzileni misatan umipega ra
and rescue me from the Opponent and from an evil mishap
umechalayim ra-im.
and from serious illnesses.
V’al y’vahaluni rayonai,
And may I not be confounded by my ideas,
vachalomot ra-im,
and bad dreams,
v’hir-hurim ra-im,
and bad fleeting thoughts,
ut-he mitati sh’lemah l’fanecha,
and may my bed be unharmed in Your care,
v’ha-er einai pen ishan hamavet,
and may You illumine my eyes lest I sleep the sleep of death,
Baruch atah Adonai,
Blessed are You Adonai,
hame-ir l’olam kulo bichvodo.
Who illumines the entire world with Your glory.


Before we begin the Sh’ma, we must think about the concept of loving our neighbors as we love ourselves. The first verse of the Sh’ma is chanted while we cover our eyes. The second verse is said in a whisper.

Sh’ma Yisra-el, Adonai Eloheinu, Adonai Echad!
Hear O Israel, Adonai is our Elohim, Adonai is One!

Say in an undertone:

Baruch shem k’vod malchuto l’olam va-ed!
Blessed is Your glorious Name, Your Realm is forever and ever!

Barukh sheim k’vod malkhuto l’olam va’ed.
Blessed be the Name of His glorious kingdom for ever and ever.
V’ahav’ta eit Adonai Elohekha b’khol l’vav’kha uv’khol naf’sh’kha uv’khol m’odekha.
And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.
V’hayu had’varim ha’eileh asher anokhi m’tzav’kha hayom al l’vavekha.
And these words that I command you today shall be in your heart.
V’shinan’tam l’vanekha v’dibar’ta bam
And you shall teach them diligently to your children, and you shall speak of them
b’shiv’t’kha b’veitekha uv’lekh’t’kha vaderekh uv’shakh’b’kha uv’kumekha
when you sit at home, and when you walk along the way, and when you lie down and when you rise up.
Uk’shar’tam l’ot al yadekha v’hayu l’totafot bein einekha.
And you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes.
Ukh’tav’tam al m’zuzot beitekha uvish’arekha.
And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.

Part 2: Deuteronomy 11:13-21

The second part of the Shema repeats many of the themes from the first part but adds promises of rewards and punishments.

V’hayah im shamo’a tish’m’u el mitz’votai
And it shall come to pass if you surely listen to the commandments
asher anokhi m’tzaveh et’khem hayom
that I command you today
l’ahavah et Adonai Eloheikhem ul’av’do b’khol l’vav’khem uv’khol naf’sh’khem
to love the Lord your God and to serve him with all your heart and all your soul,
V’natati m’tar ar’tz’khem b’ito yoreh umal’kosh
v’asaf’ta d’ganekha v’tirosh’kha v’yitz’harekha.
That I will give rain to your land, the early and the late rains,
that you may gather in your grain, your wine and your oil.
V’natati eisev b’sad’kha liv’hem’tekha v’akhal’ta v’sava’ta.
And I will give grass in your fields for your cattle and you will eat and you will be satisfied.
Hisham’ru lakhem pen yif’teh l’vav’khem
v’sar’tem va’avad’tem Elohim acheirim v’hish’tachavitem lahem
Beware, lest your heart be deceived
and you turn and serve other gods and worship them.
V’charah af Adonai bakhem v’atzar et hashamayim v’lo yih’yeh matar
v’ha’adamah lo titein et y’vulah
And anger of the Lord will blaze against you, and he will close the heavens and there will not be rain,
and the earth will not give you its fullness,
va’avad’tem m’heirah mei’al ha’aretz hatovah asher Adonai notein lakhem.
and you will perish quickly from the good land that the Lord gives you.
V’sam’tem et d’varai eileh al l’vav’khem v’al naf’sh’khem
uk’shar’tem otam l’ot al yed’khem v’hayu l’totafot bein eineikhem.
So you shall put these, my words, on your heart and on your soul;
and you shall bind them for signs on your hands, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes.
V’limad’tem otam et b’neikhem l’dabeir bam
And you shall teach them to your children, and you shall speak of them
b’shiv’t’kha b’veitekha uv’lekh’t’kha vaderekh uv’shakh’b’kha uv’kumekha
when you sit at home, and when you walk along the way, and when you lie down and when you rise up.
Ukh’tav’tam al m’zuzot beitekha uvish’arekha.
And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.
L’ma’an yirbu y’maychem vi-y’may v’naychem al ha-adamah
asher nishba Adonai la-avotaychem latayt lahem ki-y’may ha-shamayim al ha-aretz.
In order to prolong your days and the days of your children on the land
that the Lord promised your fathers that he would give them, as long as the days that the heavens are over the earth.

Part 3: Numbers 15:37-41

This third part of the Shema does not mention the need to speak of these things morning and night. It talks about the tzitzit (fringes) that are traditionally worn like a string around the finger as a reminder of the commandments, like the tefillin and mezuzot that are commanded in the first two paragraphs. The passage is also included to fulfill the mitzvah to remember the Exodus from Egypt every day of our lives.

Vayo’mer Adonai el mosheh lei’mor
And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying…
Dabeir el b’nei Yis’ra’eil v’amar’ta aleihem
Speak to the children of Israel and say to them
v’asu lahem tzitzit al kan’fei vig’deihem l’dorotam
v’nat’nu al tzitzit hakanaf p’til t’kheilet
they should make themselves tzitzit (fringes) on the corners of their clothing throughout their generations,
and give the tzitzit of each corner a thread of blue.
V’hayah lakhem l’tzitzit ur’item oto uz’khar’tem et kol mitz’vot Adonai
va’asitem otam v’lo taturu acharei l’vav’khem v’acharei eineikhem
asher atem zonim achareihem
And they shall be tzitzit for you, and when you look at them you will remember all of the Lord’s commandments
and do them and not follow after your heart and after your eyes
which lead you astray.
L’ma’an tiz’k’ru va’asitem et kol mitz’votai viyitem k’doshim lei’loheikhem
In order to remember and do all My commandments, and be holy for your God.
Ani Adonai Eloheikhem
I am the Lord, your God,
asher hotzei’ti et’khem mei’eretz Mitz’rayim lih’yot lakhhem leilohim
who lead you from the land of Egypt to be a God to you.
Ani Adonai Eloheikhem
I am the Lord, your God.


This Psalm reminds us that our only protection and refuge is in the Most High, and when
we put our trust in Hashem we have nothing to fear.

Yoshev b’seter Elyon,
Whoever sits in the refuge of the Most High,
b’tzel Shadai yit-lonan.
in the shade of the Almighty shall they dwell.
Omar la-Adonai ma-ch’si um-tzudati,
I will say of Adonai, my refuge and my fortress,
Elohai ev-tach bo.
my Elohim in whom I put my trust.
Ki hu yatzi-l’cha mipach yakush,
For the One will deliver you from the snare that entraps,
midever havot.
from pestilence that is devistating.
B’evrato yasef lach,
With the Eternal’s wing will you be covered,
v’tachat k’nafav te-ch’seh,
and under the Eternal’s wings will you find refuge,
tzinah v’socherah amito.
the shield and armor are the Eternal’s truth.
Lo tira mipachad lailah,
You shall not fear the terror of night,
mechetz ya-uf yomam.
nor the arrow that flies by day.
Midever ba-ofel yahaloch,
Nor the pestilence that walks in gloom,
miketev yashud tzahorayim.
nor the destroyer who lays waste at noon.Yipol mitzi-d’cha elef, urvavah
A thousand may fall victim at your side, and a myriad
miminecha, elecha lo yigash.
at your right hand, but to you it shall not approach.
Rak b’einecha tabit,
Merely with your eyes will you peer,
v’shilumat r’sha-im tireh.
and the retribution of the wicked shall you see.
Ki atah Adonai machsi,
For You Adonai are my refuge,
elyon samta m’onecha.
the Most High have you made the abode of your trust.
Lo t’uneh elecha ra-ah,
Evil will not befall you,
v’nega lo yikrav b’ohalecha.
and a plaque shall not come near your tent.
Ki malachav y’tzaveh lach,
For angels will the Eternal One command for you,
lishmorcha b’chol d’rachecha.
to protect you in all your ways.
Al kapayim yisa-uncha,
On their palms they will carry you,
pen tigof ba-aven raglecha.
lest you strike your foot against a stone.
Al shachal vafeten tidroch,
Upon the lion and the viper you shall tread,
tirmos k’fir v’tanin.
you will trample the young lion and the serpent.
Ki vi chashak va-afal’tehu,
Because for Me have they yearned and I will deliver them,
asag’vehu ki yada sh’mi.
I will elevate them because they know My Name.
Yikra-eni v’e-enehu,
They will call upon Me and I will answer them,
imo anochi b’tzarah,
together with with them I am in distress,
achal’tzehu va-achab’dehu.
I will release them and I will bring them honor.
Orech yamim asbi-ehu,
I will satisfy them with length of days,
v’arehu bishu-ati.
and I will show them My salvation.
Orech yamim asbi-ehu,
I will satisfy them with length of days,
v’arehu bishu-ati.
and I will show them My salvation.

PSALM 3:2-9

This psalm instills serenity within us and reaffirms our trust in the Creator.

Adonai mah rabu tzarai,
Adonai how numerous are my tormentors,
rabim kamim alai.
the great rise up against me.
Rabim om’rim l’nafshi,
The great say of my soul,
ein y’shu-atah lo
there is no salvation for him
Velohim selah.
from Elohim, selah!
V’atah Adonai magen ba-adi,
But You Adonai are a shield for me,
k’vodo umerim roshi.
for my soul and the One Who raises my head.
Koli el Adonai ekra,
With my voice I call out to Adonai,
vaya-aneni mehar kodsho selah.
and from Whose holy mountain the One answers me, selah.
Ani shachavti va-ishanah,
I lay down and slept,
hekitzoti ki Adonai yism’cheni.
yet I awoke for Adonai supports me.
Lo ira meri-v’vot am,
I fear not the myriads of people,
asher saviv shatu alai.
that all around are deployed against me.
Kumah Adonai hoshi-eni Elohai,
Rise up Adonai, save me my Elohim,
ki hikita et kol oy’vai lechi,
for You struck all of my enemies on the cheek,
shinei r’sha-im shibarta.
the teeth of the wicked You broke.
La-Adonai hayshu-ah,
To Adonai is salvation,
al am’cha virchatecha selah.
upon Your people is Your blessing, selah.


This blessing invokes divine protection over us during the night.

Hashkivenu Adonai
May we lie down, Adonai
Eloheinu l’shalom,
our Elohim, in peace,
v’ha-amidenu malkenu l’chayim.
and may we arise, our Sovereign, to life.
Ufros aleinu sukat sh’lomecha,
Spread over us the shelter of Your peace,
v’tak’nenu b’etzah tovah mil’fanecha,
guide us with Your good counsel,
v’hoshi-enu l’ma-an sh’mecha,
and save us for the sake of Your Name.
v’hagen ba-adenu,
and protect us for our sake,
v’haser me-aleinu oyev, dever,
and remove from us enemies, disease,
v’cherev, v’ra-av, v’yagon, v’haser
and war, and famine, and anguish, and remove
satan mil’faneinu ume-achareinu,
the Opponent from before us and from behind us,
uvtzel k’nafecha tastirenu,
Under the shadow of your wings hide us,
ki El shom’renu umatzilenu atah,
for the One who guards us and saves us is You,
ki El melech chanun v’rachum atah.
for You are the Sovereign of mercy and compassion.
Ushmor tzetenu uvo-enu,
Guard us when we go out and when we return,
l’chayim ulshalom,
for life and for peace,
me-atah v’ad olam.
from now until eternity.

Baruch Adonai bayom,
Blessed is Adonai by day,
baruch Adonai balailah,
blessed is Adonai by night,
baruch Adonai b’shochvenu,
blessed is Adonai when we retire,baruch Adonai b’kumenu.
blessed is Adonai when we arise.
Ki v’yad’cha nafshot
For in Your hands are the souls
hachayim v’hametim,
of the living and of the dead,
asher b’yado nefesh kol chai
that in the Eternal’s hand is the soul of all the living
v’ru-ach kol b’sar ish.
and the spirit of all humankind.
B’yad’cha afkid ruchi,
In Your hand I shall entrust my spirit,
paditah oti, Adonai, El emet.
You redeemed me, Adonai, Eternal One of truth.
Eloheinu shebashamayim,
Our Elohim who is in heaven,
yached shimcha,
bring unity to Your Name,
v’kayem malchut’cha tamid,
and establish Your kingdom forever,
umloch aleinu l’olam va-ed.
and reign over us for ever and ever.Yiru eineinu, v’yismach libenu,
May our eyes see, and may our heart be gladdened,
v’tagel nafshenu bishu-at’cha
and may our soul rejoice in Your salvation
be-emet, be-emor l’Tziyon,
in truth, when it is told to Zion,
malach Elohayich.
Your Elohim has reigned.
Adonai melech, Adonai malach,
Adonai reigns, Adonai has reigned,
Adonai yimloch l’olam va-ed.
Adonai shall reign for ever.
Ki hamalchut shel’cha hi,
For the kingdom is Yours,
ulol’mei ad timloch b’chavod,
and forever and ever You will reign in glory,
ki ein lanu melech ela atah.
for we have no Sovereign except for You.

Hamalach hago-el oti mikol ra
May the angel who frees me from all evil
y’varech et han’arim,
bless the youth, v’yikarei vahem sh’mi,
and declared upon them may my name be,
v’shem avotai Avraham v’Yitzchak,
and the names of my ancestors Abraham and Isaac,
v’yidgu larov b’kerev ha-aretz.
and like fish may they proliferate abundantly within the land.
Vayomer, im shamo-a tishma
He said, If you diligently heed
l’kol Adonai Elohecha,
the voice of Adonai Your Elohim,
v’hayashar b’einav ta-aseh,
and do what is right in My eyes,
v’ha-azanta l’mitzvotav,
and you listen closely to My mitzvot,
v’shamarta kol chukav,
and you observe all My decrees,
kol hamachalah asher samti
the entire malady which I inflicted
b’mitzrayim lo asim alecha,
upon Egypt I will not inflict upon you,
ki ani Adonai rofecha.
for I am Adonai Your Healer.

Vayomer Adonai el hasatan,
Adonai said to the Opponent,
yigar Adonai b’cha hasatan,
Adonai shall denounce you the Opponent,
v’yigar Adonai b’cha
and Adonai shall denounce you again
habocher Birushalayim,
Who chooses Jerusalem,
halo zeh ud mutzal me-esh.
is not this a firebrand rescued from a fire?

Hineh mitato sheli-Shlomoh,
Behold the bed of Shlomo,
shishim giborim saviv lah,
sixty mighty ones surround it,
migiborei Yisra-el.
from among the mighty ones of Israel.
Kulam achuzei cherev,
All gripping the sword,
m’lum’dei milchamah,
trained in battle,
ish charbo al y’recho
each with his sword on his thigh
mipachad baleilot.
from terror in the nights.

Y’varech’cha Adonai v’yishm’recha.
May Adonai bless you and protect you.
Ya-er Adonai panav elecha vichuneka.
May Adonai shine Its countenance upon you and give you grace.
Yisa Adonai panav elecha v’yasem
May Adonai lift Its countenance towards you and give
l’cha shalom.
peace to you.

Recite three times:
Hineh lo yanum v’lo yishan,
Behold neither slumber nor sleeps,
shomer Yisra-el.
the Guardian of Israel.

Recite three times:
Lishu-at’cha kiviti Adonai.
For Your salvation do I yearn Adonai.
Kiviti lishu-at’cha Adonai.
I do yearn for Your salvation Adonai.
Adonai lishu-at’cha kiviti.
Adonai for Your salvation do I yearn.

Recite three times:
B’shem Adonai Elohei Yisra-el,
In the Name of Adonai the Elohim of Israel,
mimini Micha-el,
may Michael be at my right,
umis’moli Gavri-el,
and may Gabriel be at my left,
umil’fanai Uri-el,
and may Uriel be before me,
ume-achorai R’fa-el,
and may Raphael be behind me,
v’al roshi Sh’chinat El.
and may the Sh’chinah of the Eternal One rest above my head.


Shir hama-alot,
A song of ascents,
Ashrei kol y’re Adonai,
Happy is each person who is in awe of Adonai,
haholech bidrachav.
and who walks in His ways.
Y’gi-a kapecha ki tochel,
The labor of your hands when you eat,ashrecha v’tov lach.
you are happy and it is well with you.
Esht’cha k’gefen
Your partner will be like a vine
poriyah b’yark’tei veitecha,
fruitful in the inner chambers of your house,
banecha kishtilei zetim,
your offspring will be like shoots of olive trees,
saviv l’shulchanecha.
surrounding your table.
Hineh chi chen y’vorach gaver,
Behold for thus is blessed the person,
y’rei Adonai.
who is in awe of Adonai.
Y’varech’cha Adonai mi-Tziyon,
May Adonai bless you from Zion,
ureh b’tuv Y’rushalayim,
and may you gaze upon the goodness of Jerusalem,
kol y’mei chayecha.
all the days of your life.
Ureh vanim l’vanecha,
And may you see offspring to your offspring,
shalom al Yisra-el.
peace upon Israel.

Recite three times:
Rigzu v’al techeta-u,
Tremble and do not miss the mark,
imru vilvavchem al mishkavchem,
reflect in your hearts while on your beds,
v’domu selah.
and be utterly silent, selah.





Tikkun Chatzot in English

Tikkun Chatzot Laws

The scriptures tell us “Arise, cry out in the night, at the beginning of the watches, pour out your heart like water, facing the Presence of G-d.” (Lamentations 2:19) It is the custom among the pious to rise up during the night and pray for the rebuilding of Temple and the redemption of Jewish People. The ideal times appointed for saying this devotional prayer is at the true celestial midnight; which is the actual midpoint of the night. This will vary depending on the season and location. The Baal HaTanya (S.A.HaRav; MB, Hashkamat HaBoker, 1:8) teaches us to calculate this as 12 hours after high noon when the sun is directly overhead; this is agreed upon by many authorities including the Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach §4). If one finds they cannot say Tikkun Chatzot at the appointed time then it is appropriate to say it at the first third of the night, or the second third of the night; or the end of the night, up until 1 hour before sunrise. There are various automated Zmanim resources available online, such as at MyZmanim.com, that will calculate the halachic times for your location.  If one rises to say these prayers and has slept during the night then one should say “The Morning Blessings” and the “Blessing of the Torah.” If one woke up before it’s time, one should wait until chatzot (true-midnight) to say these blessings. However, if one cannot sleep and has awoken early then one may say the “Blessing of The Torah” and study until chatzot, then say “The Morning Blessings” and repeat the “Blessing of the Torah” together at that time. One will not have to repeat these blessings later, even if they return to sleep; their requirement to say them for that day has already been fulfilled. The prayers of Tikkun Chatzot are divided into two sections, Tikkun Rachel and Tikkun Leah. The central theme of Tikkun Rachel is mourning over exile and distress, and therefore is not appropriate to say on days of celebration. However, Tikkun Leah carries the theme of praise and longing for the Presence of G-d. Tikkun Rachel is only said on days in which Tachanun is said; it should not be said on days of celebration, including Shabbat and Festivals. Tikkun Leah, according to the Ashkenazi tradition, may be said on days even when Tachanun is not said; including Shabbat, Festivals, minor holidays, etc. (it is the custom of Sephardim to not say Tikkun Chatzot at all on Shabbat or Festivals). When saying Tikkun Chatzot, it is the custom to sit close to a door that has a mezuzah affixed to it. It is to be said in a solemn tone, singing according to the melody of Lamentations or merely read aloud.

Tikkun Chatzot English Text

Tikkun Rachel

While saying Tikkun Rachel one should sit low to the ground either on a sheet on the floor or on a low stool, and remove their shoes. One should also take ashes and place them on the forehead at the place where the Tefillin of the head is laid, and cover their head with a shawl or cloth. Such symbolism represents the act of mourning.

It is the custom of most Chassidim and Sephardim to include this confession at this point on days when Tachanun is said. This text is not included in the Lubavitch siddurim at this point, as it is the custom to say this with “The Bedtime Shema”; however, it is being included for the use of those who follow this custom. This confession should be said while standing, upon completion one may be seated again:

“I acknowledge unto Thee, O my God and God of my fathers that both my cure and my death depend on Thy will. May it be Thy will to heal me. Yet if Thou hast decreed that I shall die of this disease, may my death expiate all my sins, iniquities and transgressions which I have committed before Thee. Grant me shelter in the shadow of Thy wings and a portion in the Garden of Eden, and let me merit the resurrection and the life of bliss in the world to come, which is reserved for the righteous”

Ashamnu-we have trespassed

Bagadnu- we have dealt treacherously

gazalnu-we have robbed

Dibarnu dofi- we have spoken slander

heevinu- we have acted perversely

v’hirshanu-we have done wrong

zadnu- we have acted presumptuously

hamasnu- we have done violence

tafalnu sheker- we have practiced deceit

yaatsnu ra- we have counseled evil

kizavnu- we have spoken falsehood

latsnu- we have scoffed

maradnu-we have revolted

niatsnu-we have blasphemed

sararnu-we have rebelled

avinu- we have committed iniquity

pashanu-we have transgressed

tsararnu-we have oppressed

kishinu oref-we have been stiff-necked

rashanu- we have acted wickedly

shichatnu- we have dealt corruptly

tiavnu-we have committed abomination

tainu- we have gone astray

titanu- we have led others astray

Tikkun Rachel

Psalm 137

1 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion.

2 Upon the willows, in the midst thereof we hanged up our harps.

3 For there they that led us captive asked of us words of a song, and our tormentors asked of us mirth: {N}
‘Sing us one of the songs of Zion.’

4 How shall we sing the LORD’S song in a foreign land?

5 If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning.

6 Let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, if I remember thee not; {N}
if I set not Jerusalem above my chiefest joy.

7 Remember, O LORD, against the children of Edom the day of Jerusalem; {N}
who said: ‘Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.’

8 O daughter of Babylon, that art to be destroyed; {N}
happy shall he be, that repayeth thee as thou hast served us.

9 Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the rock. {P}

Psalm 79

1 A Psalm of Asaph. {N}
O God, the heathen come into Thine inheritance; they have defiled Thy holy temple; {N}
they have made Jerusalem into heaps.

2 They have given the dead bodies of Thy servants to be food unto the fowls of the heaven, {N}
the flesh of Thy saints unto the beasts of the earth.

3 They have shed their blood like water round about Jerusalem, with none to bury them.

4 We are become a taunt to our neighbors, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.

5 How long, O LORD, wilt Thou be angry forever? How long will Thy jealousy burn like fire?

6 Pour out Thy wrath upon the nations that know Thee not, {N}
and upon the kingdoms that call not upon Thy name.

7 For they have devoured Jacob and laid waste his habitation.

8 Remember not against us the iniquities of our forefathers; {N}
let Thy compassions speedily come to meet us; for we are brought very low.

9 Help us, O God of our salvation, for the sake of the glory of Thy name; {N}
and deliver us, and forgive our sins, for Thy name’s sake.

10 Wherefore should the nations say: ‘Where is their God?’ {N}
Let the avenging of Thy servants’ blood that is shed be made known among the nations in our sight.

11 Let the groaning of the prisoner come before Thee; according to the greatness of Thy power set free those that are appointed to death;

12 And render unto our neighbors sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, {N}
wherewith they have reproached Thee, O Lord.

13 So we that are Thy people and the flock of Thy pasture will give Thee thanks for ever; {N}
we will tell of Thy praise to all generations. {P}

Chapter 5 Eicha

1 Remember, O LORD, what is come upon us; behold, and see our reproach.

2 Our inheritance is turned unto strangers, our houses unto aliens.

3 We are become orphans and fatherless, our mothers are as widows.

4 We have drunk our water for money; our wood cometh to us for price.

5 To our very necks we are pursued; we labour, and have no rest.

6 We have given the hand to Egypt, and to Assyria, to have bread enough;

7 Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne their iniquities.

8 Servants rule over us; there is none to deliver us out of their hand.

9 We get our bread with the peril of our lives because of the sword of the wilderness.

10 Our skin is hot like an oven because of the burning heat of famine.

11 They have ravished the women in Zion, the maidens in the cities of Judah.

12 Princes are hanged up by their hand; the faces of elders are not honoured.

13 The young men have borne the mill, and the children have stumbled under the wood.

14 The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their music.

15 The joy of our heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning.

16 The crown is fallen from our head; woe unto us! for we have sinned.

17 For this our heart is faint, for these things our eyes are dim;

18 For the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon it. {P}

19 Thou, O LORD, art enthroned for ever, Thy throne is from generation to generation.

20 Wherefore dost Thou forget us for ever, and forsake us so long time?

21 Turn Thou us unto Thee, O LORD, and we shall be turned; renew our days as of old.

22 Thou canst not have utterly rejected us, and be exceeding wroth against us! {P}

Shake thyself from the dust; bariseand sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the cbands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.

Tikkun Leah

Psalm 24

1 A Psalm of David. {N}
The earth is the LORD’S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

2 For He hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.

3 Who shall ascend into the mountain of the LORD? and who shall stand in His holy place?

4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; {N}
who hath not taken My name in vain, and hath not sworn deceitfully.

5 He shall receive a blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.

6 Such is the generation of them that seek after Him, that seek Thy face, even Jacob. Selah

7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors; {N}
that the King of glory may come in.

8 ‘Who is the King of glory?’ {N}
‘The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle.’

9 Lift up your heads, O ye gates, yea, lift them up, ye everlasting doors; {N}
that the King of glory may come in.

10 ‘Who then is the King of glory?’ {N}
‘The LORD of hosts; He is the

Psalm 42

1 For the Leader; Maschil of the sons of Korah.

2 As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after Thee, O God.

3 My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: {N}
‘When shall I come and appear before God?’

4 My tears have been my food day and night, {N}
while they say unto me all the day: ‘Where is thy God?’

5 These things I remember and pour out my soul within me, {N}
how I passed on with the throng and led them to the house of God, {N}
with the voice of joy and praise, a multitude keeping holiday.

6 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why moanest thou within me? {N}
Hope thou in God; for I shall yet praise Him for the salvation of His countenance.

7 O my God, my soul is cast down within me; {N}
therefore do I remember Thee from the land of Jordan, and the Hermon, from the hill Mizar.

8 Deep calleth unto deep at the voice of Thy cataracts; {N}
all Thy waves and Thy billows are gone over me.

9 By day the LORD will command His loving kindness, and in the night His song shall be with me, {N}
even a prayer unto the God of my life.

10 I will say unto God my Rock: ‘Why hast Thou forgotten me? {N}
Why go am I mourning under the oppression of the enemy?’

11 As with a crushing in my bones, mine adversaries taunt me; {N}
while they say unto me all the day: ‘Where is thy God?’

12 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why moanest thou within me? {N}
Hope thou in God; for I shall yet praise Him, the salvation of my countenance, and my God. {P}

Psalm 43

1 Be Thou my judge, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation; {N}
O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.

2 For Thou art the God of my strength; why hast Thou cast me off? {N}
Why go I mourning under the oppression of the enemy?

3 O send out Thy light and Thy truth; let them lead me; {N}
let them bring me unto Thy holy mountain, and to Thy dwelling-places.

4 Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God, my exceeding joy; {N}
and praise Thee upon the harp, O God, my God.

5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why moanest thou within me? {N}
Hope thou in God; for I shall yet praise Him, the salvation of my countenance, and my God. {P}

Psalm 20

1 For the Leader. A Psalm of David.

2 The LORD answer thee in the day of trouble; the name of the God of Jacob set thee up on high;

3 Send forth thy help from the sanctuary, and support thee out of Zion;

4 Receive the memorial of all thy meal-offerings, and accept the fat of thy burnt-sacrifice; Selah

5 Grant thee according to thine own heart, and fulfill all thy counsel.

6 We will shout for joy in thy victory, and in the name of our God we will set up our standards; {N}
the LORD fulfill all thy petitions.

7 Now know I that the LORD saveth His anointed; {N}
He will answer him from His holy heaven with the mighty acts of His saving right hand.

8 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses; {N}
but we will make mention of the name of the LORD our God.

9 They are bowed down and fallen; but we are risen, and stand upright.

10 Save, LORD; let the King answer us in the day that we call. {P}

Psalm 24

1 A Psalm of David. {N}
The earth is the LORD’S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

2 For He hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.

3 Who shall ascend into the mountain of the LORD? and who shall stand in His holy place?

4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; {N}
who hath not taken My name in vain, and hath not sworn deceitfully.

5 He shall receive a blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.

6 Such is the generation of them that seek after Him, that seek Thy face, even Jacob. Selah

7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates, and be ye lifted up, ye everlasting doors; {N}
that the King of glory may come in.

8 ‘Who is the King of glory?’ {N}
‘The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle.’

9 Lift up your heads, O ye gates, yea, lift them up, ye everlasting doors; {N}
that the King of glory may come in.

10 ‘Who then is the King of glory?’ {N}
‘The LORD of hosts; He is the King of glory.’ Selah {P}

Psalm 67

1 For the Leader; with string-music. A Psalm, a Song.

2 God be gracious unto us, and bless us; may He cause His face to shine toward us; Selah

3 That Thy way may be known upon earth, Thy salvation among all nations.

4 Let the peoples give thanks unto Thee, O God; let the peoples give thanks unto Thee, all of them.

5 O let the nations be glad and sing for joy; {N}
for Thou wilt judge the peoples with equity, and lead the nations upon earth. Selah

6 Let the peoples give thanks unto Thee, O God; let the peoples give thanks unto Thee, all of them.

7 The earth hath yielded her increase; may God, our own God, bless us.

8 May God bless us; and let all the ends of the earth fear Him. {P}

Psalm 111

1 Hallelujah. {N}
I will give thanks unto the LORD with my whole heart, in the council of the upright, and in the congregation.

2 The works of the LORD are great, sought out of all them that have delight therein.

3 His work is glory and majesty; and His righteousness endureth for ever.

4 He hath made a memorial for His wonderful works; the LORD is gracious and full of compassion.

5 He hath given food unto them that fear Him; He will ever be mindful of His covenant.

6 He hath declared to His people the power of His works, in giving them the heritage of the nations.

7 The works of His hands are truth and justice; all His precepts are sure.

8 They are established for ever and ever, they are done in truth and uprightness.

9 He hath sent redemption unto His people; He hath commanded His covenant for ever; {N}
Holy and awful is His name.

10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; a good understanding have all they that do thereafter; {N}
His praise endureth for ever. {P}

Psalm 51

1 For the Leader. A Psalm of David;

2 When Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bath-sheba.

3 Be gracious unto me, O God, according to Thy mercy; according to the multitude of Thy compassions blot out my transgressions.

4 Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.

5 For I know my transgressions; and my sin is ever before me.

6 Against Thee, Thee only, have I sinned, and done that which is evil in Thy sight;{N}
that Thou mayest be justified when Thou speakest, and be in the right when Thou judgest.

7 Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me.

8 Behold, Thou desirest truth in the inward parts; make me, therefore, to know wisdom in mine inmost heart.

9 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.

10 Make me to hear joy and gladness; that the bones which Thou hast crushed may rejoice.

11 Hide Thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.

12 Create me a clean heart, O God; and renew a steadfast spirit within me.

13 Cast me not away from Thy presence; and take not Thy holy spirit from me.

14 Restore unto me the joy of Thy salvation; and let a willing spirit uphold me.

15 Then will I teach transgressors Thy ways; and sinners shall return unto Thee.

16 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, Thou God of my salvation; {N}
so shall my tongue sing aloud of Thy righteousness.

17 O Lord, open Thou my lips; and my mouth shall declare Thy praise.

18 For Thou delightest not in sacrifice, else would I give it; Thou hast no pleasure in burnt-offering.

19 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; {N}
a broken and a contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise.

20 Do good in Thy favour unto Zion; build Thou the walls of Jerusalem.

21 Then wilt Thou delight in the sacrifices of righteousness, in burnt-offering and whole offering; {N}
then will they offer bullocks upon Thine altar. {P}

Psalm 126

1 A Song of Ascents. {N}
When the LORD brought back those that returned to Zion, we were like unto them that dream.

2 Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing; {N}
then said they among the nations: ‘The LORD hath done great things with these.’

3 The LORD hath done great things with us; we are rejoiced.

4 Turn our captivity, O LORD, as the streams in the dry land.

5 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.

6 Though he goeth on his way weeping that beareth the measure of seed, {N}
he shall come home with joy, bearing his sheaves. {P}

Ad Ana Bechiya Song

“How long will there be crying in Tzion and eulogy in Jerusalem? Have mercy on Tzion and rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.”

Prayer by Natan of Breslev

May it be Thy will the L-rd my G-d, and G-d of my forefathers, that you assist me and grant me the merit of Your great compassion and your awesome kindness, that I speedily merit to truly feel the pain of my many abundant and awful sins, transgressions, and willful violations of the Torah that are piled up high to the sky, as innumerable as the sands of the earth – especially the sexual sins that I committed which blemished the Covenant of the Brit, the blemishes to the seminal drops that issue forth from the brain, that I spilled in vain, whether accidentally or knowingly, whether against my will or willfully.

If I were to begin to feel the depth of the anguish of this awesome and terrible blemish, I do not know if I could continue to exist, even for an hour, since You have taught us through Your righteous Tzaddikim the magnitude of this stain which prolongs the destruction of the Beit HaMikdash, and delays the Redemption, and causes the Shechina to descend into exile, G-d forbid, and dooms the disembodied souls to the realm of the klipot, where from each drop of wasted semen a destroying agent is created, may the Compassionate One have mercy. And many other vast and terrible blemishes result from this, for all of the Torah is dependent on the Rectification of the Brit, which is the foundation of everything. For this transgression damages all of the twenty-two letters of the Torah, because the seminal drop is composed of them, as is known.

Truly, my heart is closed, and confused, and crooked, to such an extent that I don’t feel at all the pain over my numerous and weighty transgressions, even when I speak about them. O, what is with me, what is with me? Even if I were to say a thousand times, “Oh, what is with me?” I still feel nothing at all. What can I say? What can I claim? What can I ask for? How can I justify my deeds?

Nonetheless, You are compassionate with all mankind, and You see to the end of all generations, and you will perfect all of us one day as You have promised. Therefore, to You, I raise my hands in supplication. O mighty Redeemer, help me! Teach me and instruct me at every moment, in whatever manner, in whatever way, how I can merit to return to You in truth, from evil to good, from death to life, for my existence is very bitter.

My Father, my Creator, and my Redeemer help me and save me quickly, that I merit to truly return to You with a whole heart. Circumcise the evil foreskin of my heart, and open my heart in a manner that I will be able to feel the anguish of my innumerable transgressions, so that I will be able to cry out from my heart a great and bitter cry, fitting to my station – to cry out again and again Oy, Oy, Oy, over these weighty and terrible sins, to scream out in truth with a full and broken  and saddened heart, from its very depths, until the hearts of all of the souls of the seminal drops that emanated from me, wherever they may be, will also feel my anguish, both the drops that went forth in a permitted manner and became my real children, may they live a long and healthy life, and, on the contrary, the drops that I spilled in vain, whether accidentally or willfully, and became what they became, each and every one of them, woe is me, woe is me.

May my cry awaken them and cause the foreskins of their hearts to be circumcised also so that all of them, wherever they may be, will feel the depth of their pain and sorrow, understanding that they are imprisoned in the abyss of the underworld, in polluted places so frightening that it cannot be spoken, that such a thunderous noise be raised amongst them, that all of them be awakened to return to the Blessed One in truth, to begin to yearn, and to feel genuine sorrow, and to truly desire to be rectified and to return to G-d in truth, until Your benefiting compassion is awakened, Your hidden  mercy, Your great and goodly compassion, over me and over them.

Please act to heal us and redeem us speedily from the depths of the grave, and from all of the impure and polluted realms into which we have fallen. Save us, redeem us, extract us from all of these places in safety. Rectify us. May the King quickly return His scattered outcasts, for Your providence extends over everything. Circumcise our hearts to love Your Name, as is written, “And the L-rd your G-d will circumcise your heart and the heart of your seed to love the L-rd your G-d with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live.”

Our Father, our King, the living G-d, our Maker, our Portion, save our beloved remnant from destruction for the sake of the Covenant that You stamped in our flesh. Grant me the merit to quickly circumcise the foreskin of my heart and that of my offspring, especially during these holy days of Elul. Grant me the merit that I may now truly prepare myself spiritually so that I may merit that these special holy days of Elul work in my behalf to help me completely circumcise the foreskin of my heart and the hearts of my offspring in truth, so that I may merit in this present lifetime to completely rectify my wrongdoings and blemishes in the merit of the true Tzaddikim (Righteous Jews), myself and my offspring and all those who are dependent upon me, that I not be ashamed and embarrassed and fail forever, being left in my initial shame, so that my transgressions have no power to hover in waiting over the opening of my grave, G-d forbid. Rather, allow me to rectify everything in this lifetime, in the power and merit of the true Tzaddikim, for I have no hope or support without them, for we are still waiting for the good and promised salvation that will come in their merit and strength.

You who is full of mercy, consider me in kindness and have compassion upon me and rescue me from shame and humiliation, that no destructive or evil agent will have the power to approach me at the time of my death, and that they should not follow after my coffin, G-d forbid. Please in your great mercy, cast them far from me, and totally wipe them out, now and forever more. Have mercy on me in Your abundant pardon and mighty forgiveness that I merit to rectify in my life everything that I damaged with my sins. Forgive me for everything in this lifetime, so that I will not have to face any judgment and sentence in the world to come. Even though I know that in truth I am far from deserving this kind of salvation, for through what do I merit such a thing? Nevertheless, I trust in Your great compassion and I rest on Your kindness, on Your forgiveness I wait, and on Your salvation I yearn, through the merit and power of the true Tzaddikim of our time, and through the merit of the true Tzaddikim who rest in the earth, on them we lean for support, and on their merit I have come before You with my plea.

Therefore, I stand and anticipate and hope for Your mighty salvation, that I speedily merit the fulfillment of all that I have asked for in Your Presence, for You look toward the evil-doer and desire his repentance and his return to the righteous way. And if I have greatly delayed in returning to You, and even added more and more frightful transgressions each day, nevertheless, I still anticipate each day that my salvation will come with my soul’s redemption, that I may quickly merit to awaken from my slumber, and to rise from my fallen state, to rise up from my descent, and to return to life from the death that has seized me, to return to You in truth and with a whole heart, me and my seed, and my children’s offspring, and all the seed of Your nation the House of Israel, from now until forever, Amen, Selah.

Kabbalistic secrets of Pesach (Passover) 1-9 Rabbi Ephraim Goldstein

Kabbalistic secrets of Pesach (Passover) 1-9 Rabbi Ephraim Goldstein. Exodus Pesach According to Kabbalah of Arizal Shaar HaKavanot (Gate of Meditations) If you want to find out the secrets behind Pesach (Passover), Passover Seder, Haggadah, matzah, Afikomen, four cups of wine you should listen to this lecture. You will find out why we eat matzah, drink four cups of wine, read Haggadah etc. Kabbalistic secrets of Pesach 1 is an introduction and deals with why Jews were slaves in Egypt, what Pharoh actually wanted from Jews. Why we could only leave Egypt with the hand of G-d. What and why there were the 10 plagues sent by G-d.

Ten Ways to Answer Jews for Jesus Propaganda

How to stop Jews for Jesus Christian Missionaries that are “committing holocaust” by assimilating Jews, pray for their organizations to be closed down with G-ds help they will be shut down. Like this Jew’s heroic act at the Western Wall burning fake missionary bible. Do not listen to fake messianic Jews that are “committing holocaust” by assimilating Jews, they are worse than Hitler because they doing it like the sly snake lied to Eve in the garden. Fake messianic jews lure you in with sweet talk such as love, compassion etc. don’t believe it for a second they are sneaky liars may G-d destroy their plans.

The best response to those challenging our faith and identity is to provide information, encourage critical thinking, and demonstrate the spiritual beauty and relevance of Judaism. Jews for Judaism has dedicated its efforts to this for more than 30 years. This pamphlet is just one example, and it is our newest addition to our Jewish Response to Missionaries series. Our highly acclaimed handbook, with this title, is available for free download in nine languages at Jews For Judaism.

Some people are reluctant to explore non-Jewish texts. Where do we find a biblical mandate to engage in this form of preventive education?

Before entering into the Land of Israel, God commanded the Jews to prepare themselves for encounters with nations whose beliefs are contrary to the Torah. In Deuteronomy 18:9, God said, “You shall not learn to do” – the ways of those nations. Our sages*point out that this statement seems to contain superfluous words because it could have said either, “you shall not learn” or “you shall not do.

In fact, the additional words teach that although it is forbidden to learn false beliefs to do them, it is permissible to learn them to educate our children to avoid false beliefs.

The teaching, “Know what to answer” in Ethics of our Fathers 2:14 is another powerful directive to learn how to respond to theological challenges. We hope this article will enlighten you, and provide the answers you need.

*See the commentaries of Rashi, Sifre, and Maskil LaDavid.

Answering the Challenge – Sin, Sacrifices, and Atonement?

There is a fundamental question posed by Christian believers that warrants a thoughtful response.

The question is often phrased, along with several incorrect assumptions, like this: “We are all sinners1, and the only way to get rid of sin is by offering a blood sacrifice. Since the Jewish Temple no longer exists, and you can’t offer sacrifices, how do you get rid of your sins today?”

This issue is compounded by two additional assumptions, based on the New Testament book of Romans – written by Paul whose authority is questionable because he never met Jesus.

The first assumption is that mankind inherited a state of eternal damnation as a result of the “original sin” of Adam. They attribute this to Romans 5:18, “Through one transgression there resulted in condemnation to all men.”

The second assumption is that the divinely authored biblical commandments were intended only as a stumbling block to proving that frail humanity could not achieve perfection in observing them.2 Therefore, salvation could only come about through belief in the righteousness of Jesus who, they allege, fulfilled all the commandments in the believer’s place and who died an atoning death on the believer’s behalf. They bring as proof, Romans 4:15; “The Law brings about wrath, but where there is no law, there is no violation.” 3

To some with a cursory understanding of the Bible, this line of reasoning may sound logical. However, it should be scrutinized carefully (albeit within the limitations of this brief essay) to determine if it is the true biblical intent, as it says in Proverbs:

The one that brings his case first seems right, but then his neighbor comes and examines him.” Proverbs 18:17.

So let’s see what the Bible really says. To begin with, according to the Bible sin is an act of rebellion, not an intrinsic state of being. The Bible actually teaches that as a result of Adam and Eve’s sin, mankind was given4 an inclination – or temptation – to do evil.

This inclination is described in Genesis as,

The inclination of man’s heart is evil from his youth.” Genesis 8:21

An inclination is a pull or a drive. It acts upon the person, but it is not the person. This inclination does not make the person a sinner, nor is he in a constant state of sin. Rather, via the temptation to do evil5 a person is endowed with freedom of choice and the ability to choose good over evil. This is expounded in the following verses:

“I have placed before you today life and what is good, and death and what is evil. Deuteronomy 30:15

I have placed life and death before you, blessing and the curse. So choose life in order that you may live.” Deuteronomy 30:19.

The ability to rule over evil is not just wishful thinking. It is a directive expressed in the following verse, which mentions sin by name the very first time in the Bible,

Sin is crouching at the door; and it desires you, but you are able to rule over it. Genesis 4:7

If sin is an insurmountable condition that no one can overcome, wouldn’t this be the logical place for the God to say so? However, this passage teaches that although it is inevitable that we will be tempted to sin, we clearly have God’s promise of an inner ability to overcome the temptation. King David said this in his well-known words,

Turn from evil and do good.” Psalm 37:27

What does Christianity do with this clear biblical teaching that we can master sin? Christianity simply changes the Bible. It presents a contradictory and incorrect translation of how God instructed mankind to turn from sin, as is demonstrated in a blatant Christian mistranslation of Isaiah 59:20. In the Hebrew original, this verse says:

A redeemer will come to Zion; and unto those who turn from transgression.” Isaiah 59:20

This verse clearly demonstrates two points: 1) People can turn from transgression; and, 2) The redeemer of Israel will come to Zion and to those who turn away from sin on their own accord.

However, in the Christian New Testament, the same verse in Isaiah is incorrectly quoted to give the impression that it is the messiah who removes sin. Romans 11:26 says:

The Deliverer will come from Zion,6 He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.” Romans 11:26

The mistranslation of the words to Zion” to from Zion” and, “those who turn from transgression” to “He will remove ungodliness,” distorts the meaning of the original text. This is an attempt to support the incorrect Christian belief that a messianic redeemer will remove sin.7 According to the Bible, sincere repentance has always been the fundamental method of removing sin.

What is Repentance?

The Hebrew word for repentance is Teshuvah – and it literally means “to return” to God.8 This is a process of regretting and forsaking sin, as demonstrated in the following verses:

Let the wicked forsake his way and let him return to the Lord.” Isaiah 55:7

“When a wicked man turns away from his wickedness which he has committed and practices justice and righteousness, he will save his life.” Ezekiel 18:27

Furthermore, the Book of Chronicles says,

If my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will heal their land.” 2 Chronicles 7:14

While there is absolutely no mention of blood in the above verses, the Bible does command sacrifices under a very narrow and specific set of circumstances, solely as a means of motivating sincere repentance. Biblically-mandated sacrifices were required primarily9 for certain unintentional sins, as it says;

“If a person sins unintentionally in any of the things which the Lord has commanded not to be done… he must present to God an unblemished bull.” Leviticus 4:1

An example of an unintentional sin would be violating the Sabbath because you mistakenly thought it was a weekday, or, accidentally eating a forbidden food while thinking it was permissible.10

In an attempt to build a case that all sins need blood sacrifices, Jews for Jesus often cite a non-existent, passage: “There is no remission without the shedding of blood.”

The intention of this fabricated passage is refuted by a verse in the New Testament, that says;

According to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.” Hebrews 9:22

Incredibly, the inclusion of the words, “one may almost say” in this New Testament passage supports the correct biblical teaching that only some sins required blood sacrifices. There is absolutely no blood sacrifice prescribed for the majority of intentional sin, only for an unintentional sin.

So, in addition to referring to unintentional sins, the limited nature of blood sacrifices can also be seen in Chapter 5:13 of Leviticus11 that directs a poor penitent person, who could not afford an animal offering, to offer a non-blood, flour offering in its place.

So why were unintentional sins, rather than intentional sins, singled out for sacrifices? Because when you do something accidentally you commonly minimize its seriousness and downplay the need for repentance. We rationalize and tell ourselves, “It was just an accident.”

The process of bringing a sacrifice focused attention on the seriousness of the unintentional transgression. An animal was offered12 to remind us that we were careless with our animal passions; the animal needed to be unblemished, so during the examination process, we would look for and contemplate our own blemishes. The taking of the animal’s life reminded us of the severity of disobeying God.

Animal sacrifices were a means to a specific end. But they were not a panacea. Someone who brought numerous sacrifices without repentance would accomplish nothing. This point was made by King Solomon, the wisest of all men. He referred to sacrifices offered without repenting or acknowledging one’s sin, as “the sacrifices of fools.” As it says in Ecclesiastes;

Draw near to listen rather than offer the sacrifice of fools, who do not know that they do wrong.”13 Ecclesiastes 4:17

Jewish Scriptures makes it clear that God wants a sincere and changed person and not rote sacrifices:

The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit, a broken and contrite heart.” Psalm 51:22

“The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord, but the prayer of the upright is His delight.” Proverbs 15:8

I desire kindness and not sacrifices, the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.” Hosea 6:6

Doing charity14 and justice is more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice.” Proverbs 21:3

Almost all sins committed intentionally required only sincere repentance without an animal sacrifice because when a person sins intentionally, they know they are doing something wrong.

So when sinners make up their mind to return to God they do so because they cannot delude themselves into thinking it wasn’t serious or was just an accident.15

This is confirmed by the following verse:

When the wicked man turns away from his wickedness that he has committed, and does that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.” Ezekiel 18:27

It is essential to remember that God is just and merciful and does not torment us or make it difficult to return to Him. This is attested to throughout the Jewish scriptures.

“We do not present our supplications before you because of our righteousness, but because of your abundant mercy.” Daniel 9:18

Return to Me and I shall return to you.” Malachi 3:7

“God will redeem my soul from the power of Sheol, for He will receive me.” Psalm 49:15

“Israel shall be saved by the Lord, and not ashamed or confounded to all eternity.”16 Isaiah 45:17

How do Christians cope with the fact that the majority of intentional sins are atoned for without blood? They quote the non-existent passage that supposedly says, “Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sin.” But as shown above, that statement is false.

This presents a stunning refutation to the validity and foundation of the tenants of Christianity, because in truth we do not need blood at all for intentional sins, nor do we need blood for unintentional sins when there is no Temple to offer a sacrifice.

What do we do without a Temple?

Why does that absence of the Temple preclude us from offering sacrifices today? Considering God’s reverence for life – both human and animal – sacrifices were severely restricted. Unlike pagan rituals, human sacrifice is absolutely forbidden in Judaism and animals could only be sacrificed in a place of extreme sanctity – the Jewish Temple situated on the “Mountain of God” in Jerusalem. As we are taught:

“Be careful that you do not offer your burnt offerings in every place that you see: But only in the place which the Lord shall choose in one of your tribes.” Deut. 12:13-14

As a result, after the Temple’s destruction, it is prohibited to offer animal sacrifices.

However, since repentance remains the primary way to return to God, we can still access this spiritual tool in any place and circumstance, just as we do with intentional sins. As the prophet Joel says,

“Yet even now, says the Lord, turn to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning: and rend your hearts…” Joel 2:12

In fact, having foreseen the destruction of the Temple, the prophets teach that although we will be without sacrifices for a long time, we will still be able to return to God.

“For the sons of Israel will remain many days without a king or prince, without sacrifice… Afterwards Israel shall return and seek the Lord their God and David their king17 and they will come trembling to the Lord and to his goodness in the last days.” Hosea 3:5

The prophets share additional instructions on how to return to God without Temple sacrifices. One of the most striking is also found in Hosea;

Return, O Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled because of your iniquity, Take words with you and return to the Lord…so we offer the words of our lips instead of bulls.” Hosea 14:1-2

This passage is so powerful; it is not surprising, that some Christian Bibles mistranslate, “the words of our lips instead of bulls” as “the fruit of our lips. By changing “lips” to “fruit” and removing mention of “bulls” they seek to deny the fact that prayer can replace sacrifices.

In context, Hosea was speaking to Jews at a time when they were unable to bring sacrifices to the Temple in Jerusalem. He instructs these Jews to use their words in place of the sacrificial bulls as the means to motivate them to return to God.

The theme, that words of prayer play a vital role in repentance and restoration, is repeated elsewhere in the Jewish scriptures. For example, Jeremiah says:

“Then you shall call upon me, and you shall go and pray to me and I will hearken to you…and I will restore you from your captivity and I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places into which I have driven you.” Jeremiah 29:12-14

Furthermore, Daniel was exiled in Babylon and could not offer sacrifices. He would turn toward Jerusalem and pray three times a day corresponding to the three times sacrifices were offered in the Temple.

He [Daniel] had windows open towards Jerusalem; and he continued kneeling on his knees three times a day, praying and giving thanks before his God.” Daniel 6:10

Daniel was righteous and obviously achieved atonement without sacrifices as demonstrated by the fact that he reached a state of holiness to be a prophet and survived the “lion’s den.”

Facing toward Jerusalem during prayer is a universally accepted custom; it traces back to a prophetic utterance of King Solomon when he foresaw that our enemies would destroy the Temple and take the Jews into exile.

Solomon instructs the Jews to pray toward Jerusalem and repent and be forgiven without blood.

If they return back to you with all their heart and soul in the land of their enemies who took them captive, and pray to you toward the land you gave their ancestors, toward the city you have chosen and the temple I have built for your Name; then from heaven, your dwelling place, hear their prayer and their plea, and uphold their cause. And forgive your people, who have sinned against you.”18 I Kings 8:47-52

Words and confession are one of the most powerful motivators, so much so that when the Jews sinned with the Golden Calf, it was Moses’ words of prayer that accomplished forgiveness. As it says,

And God said, “I have forgiven them according to your words.” Numbers 14:20

The Torah teaches that through repentance, prayer, fasting, and doing what is right, everyone can return to God directly. This concept is beautifully illustrated in the book of Esther which takes place after the destruction of the first Temple when the Jews were under Persian domination.

Despite being under an edict of absolute annihilation because of their transgressions, a holocaust was averted because of repentance, as it says:

“There was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, weeping, and wailing…” Esther 4:3

Another example – so powerful it is read each year on Yom Kippur – is in the Book of Jonah where non-Jews repented, prayed to God and were forgiven without any offering and animal sacrifices.

“Let men call on God earnestly that each may turn from his wicked. When God saw their (the citizens of Nineveh) deeds; that they turned from their wicked way, than God relented concerning the calamity.” Jonah 3:9-10

The New Testament itself attests to the successful repentance of the citizens of Nineveh.

The men of Nineveh will stand up…for they repented at the preaching of Jonah.” Matthew 12:41

In fact, non-Jews were never commanded to offer sacrifices and relied solely on repentance. Consequently, the argument that they need blood or something to replace blood sacrifices is wrong.

How do Christians deal with these stunning revelations?

When biblical arguments prove insufficient to validate their beliefs, some Christians such as Jews for Jesus resort to the misuse of rabbinical sources in an attempt to prove their beliefs.

There are two statements from the Talmud that are frequently quoted. The first one is:

There is no atonement without blood.” (Talmud – Yoma 5a)

It is important to explore what the Talmud’s actual intention was when it made this statement.

It is unthinkable to conclude that this statement means that the only way to make atonement is through blood sacrifices because there are numerous biblical and Talmudic examples of atonement achieved in ways that do not include blood. Silver half coins, incense, gold vessels and confession are some examples, as these passages demonstrate:

You shall not decrease from half a shekel (silver coin) to give the portion of God to atone for your soul. Exodus 30:15

But Aaron offered the incense and made atonement for them.” Numbers 17:1119

So we have brought as an offering for God: what any man found of gold vessels, anklet, and bracelet, rings, earrings and claps, to atone for our soul before God.” Numbers 31:50

Confession makes atonement.” (Talmud -Yoma – 36b)

Clearly the Talmudic statement, “There is no atonement without blood” is not teaching the exclusivity of blood for atonement; it does, however, teach that in order for a sacrifice to be valid it must be carried through to its final procedural stage of ensuring that the blood (which represents the essence of the animal) is thrown on the Altar.

In another attempt to prove that blood is the only means of atonement, Christians claim the book of Leviticus says:

There is no remission of sin without the shedding of blood.”

As noted earlier, this statement is a total fabrication and does not exist anywhere in the Jewish Bible. It is also contradicted by the New Testament statement (Hebrews 9:22) that blood sacrifices were not for all sins.

When asked where this “no remission of sin” passage is found in the Jewish Bible, Christians typically attribute it to Leviticus 17:11. However, the verse does not say this.

The verse actually says,

For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves20 on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life. Therefore I say to the Israelites, “None of you may eat blood, nor may any foreigner residing among you eat blood.” Leviticus 17:11-12

It does not say that without blood there is no remission of sin. Rather, in context, it says that blood is special because it is the life-source. And since it plays a pivotal role in the sacrificial process, under the narrow and specific criteria where blood is required, it should not be eaten. Additionally, the verse does not use the word “forgiveness,” but rather “atonement” which is different, as will be explained.

The second Talmudic statement quoted out of context by Christians is:

The death of the righteous atones.” (Talmud – Moed Katan 28a)

This rabbinical statement is completely misinterpreted by Christians su as Jews for Jesus. The totality of rabbinical literature demonstrates this pertains to two situations.

First, the alleviation of a Divine punishment decreed upon the Jewish people as a whole.

The story of the sin of Achan son of Carmi in Joshua chapter 7 demonstrates that as the result of one person’s sin the entire Jewish people, despite an individual’s innocence, can experience the collective consequences of the transgression. This is because the Jewish people are compared to one unified body.21

Conversely, innocent individuals can absorb a portion of the communal punishment. The Talmud Sanhedrin 39a, in reference to Ezekiel chapter 4, makes it clear that the suffering of the righteous refers to atonement that “washes away” a portion of the punishment of exile.

This is further supported by the fact that the actual meaning of the Hebrew word for atonement (Kaporah) is “covering” or “cleansing.” The essential point is that atonement obtained by death or suffering only removes communal punishment and not an individual’s sin.22

Every individual has the responsibility to repent directly to God for his own transgressions.

“The son will not bear the punishment for the father’s iniquity, nor will the father bear the punishment for the son’s iniquity… the wickedness of the wicked will be upon himself.” Ezekiel 18:20

Additionally, nowhere does it say that a person needs to believe in the righteous person, or for that matter, be aware of the righteous person’s suffering, to benefit from it.

So Christians can’t apply this rabbinical statement to their belief that you must accept and believe in Jesus to be saved. It is also ironic that Christians attempt to leverage support for their doctrines from the very rabbinical (oral law) they deride as being non-biblical.

The second teaching concerning the above mentioned Talmudic passage is another example of something that motivates an individual to repent. Specifically, when someone is moved by the death of a righteous individual, this can be the catalyst that motivates the person to repent.

The Talmud (Shabbat 105b) teaches that if a person mourns over the death of an upright man, this can arouse the individual to tears and repentance, thereby eliciting God’s forgiveness.

Whoever weeps for an upright man is forgiven all his iniquities.” (Talmud – Shabbat 105b)

Clearly, the Talmud does not teach that someone can take away another person’s sins.

Law of Life and Connection to God

Contrary to the New Testament’s statement, “the Law brings about wrath” Romans 4:15, which portrays the commandments as a curse and stumbling block; the Torah and the commandments are God’s greatest gift to mankind. King Solomon describes the Torah in uplifting words as follows,

She is a tree of life to those who take hold of her.” Proverbs 3:18

Indeed, the Hebrew word Torah derives from the word for “instruction and light,” which is very different from the negative Christian connotation of harsh legal decrees.23

The literal meaning of the word Torah is “instruction” from the root word “horah –” which means – instruction, – as seen in the verses,

“Teach them the right way to live.” Deuteronomy 4:35

I have not departed from your laws, for you have taught me” Psalm 119:103

The Torah is also referred to as “light” as we can see in the following verse,

The commandments are a candle and the Torah is light.” Proverbs 6:23

The Hebrew word for commandment “mitzvah” which are described in the above verse as a “candle” comes from the word “Tzavta” which means a “connection.” This is because God’s commandments connect us to Him in a way we could never have achieved on our own.

Furthermore, King Solomon said that the main purpose of humanity is to believe in God and keep his commandments as is stated in Ecclesiastes;

The end of the matter, when all is said and done: Be in awe of God and keep his commandments, for that is the whole person.” Ecclesiastes 12:13-14

The Psalm 119, the longest chapter in the Bible, is dedicated to the beauty and eternal nature of the Torah and its commandments.

We can now appreciate an eye-opening admission from a New Testament passage.

“If righteousness comes through the Law, then Christ died needlessly.” Galatians 2:21

In truth, the Torah and the commandments are God’s greatest gift to mankind.24 This includes the commandment of repentance which was given to enables us to achieve forgiveness, salvation, atonement, and righteousness and return to God.

The Torah and its laws are described as follows:

The law of the LORD is perfect, restoring the soul.” Psalm 19:8

Through Torah, we have a direct and personal connection to the compassionate God. We go directly to God with no need for an intermediary.

“Who is a God like You, who pardons iniquity, and passes over the rebellious act…He will again have compassion on us. He will tread our iniquities underfoot. Yes, You will cast all their sin into the depths of the sea.” Micah 7:18-19

The Jewish people have outlived and survived every oppressor who tried to destroy us. The empires of the Babylonians, Greeks, Persian, Romans, Crusaders, Turks, Nazis and the Soviet Union no longer exist; but the Jews are still here.

This is proof of God’s everlasting covenant25 with the Jewish people, love of Israel, and the eternal nature of God’s Torah that unites us in a common purpose based on our values, commandments, and beliefs.

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1. Christians reference Romans 3:23, “for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God“, to support the idea that all mankind has sinned. There is a similar statement in the Jewish Scriptures but it means something very different. In Ecclesiastes 7:20 it says, “Indeed, there is no one on earth who is righteous, no one who does what is right and never sins.” This verse does not imply that unless we are perfect we fall short of serving God. To the contrary, the verse says that a person could be deemed righteous even if they are not perfect or if they lack something. This is validated by a more careful examination of the Hebrew word chata – ( חטא) which usually means sin. However, the more literal meaning of the word is “to miss the mark” or “to lack” as we see in Judges 20:16 “sling a stone at a hair and not miss and 1 Kings 1:21 “I and my son Solomon will be considered lacking.

2. In fact, the commandments are not too difficult to keep, as it says, “what I am commanding you today is not too difficult for you or beyond your reach.” Deuteronomy 30:11

3. A former Christian, who converted to Judaism, once shared an explanation of why the Christian understanding of “where there is no law, there is no violation” is absurd. Imagine a city plagued by dangerous and out-of-control drivers. In fact, the traffic court can’t handle the overflow of hearings and traffic tickets. So the city council decides to do away with all traffic laws and thereby avoid anyone being found in violation of reckless driving. This does not reduce the chaos on the roads; it makes things more chaotic.

4. Genesis 2:7 says that, “God formed ‘yatzer’ – ( ייצר) a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath ‘neshmat’ ( נשמת) of life ‘nefesh’ – ( נפש). The word “yatzer” also means inclination and the fact that it is written here with two letter “yuds” – ( יי) alludes to a man being created with two inclinations. A good inclination related to the word “neshmat” which corresponds to the spiritual soul, and an evil inclination related to the word “Nefesh” which corresponds to the animal soul which is the source of desires and temptations.

5. Contrary to the Christian view of Satan as a rebellious angel that desires a man to fail, the Bible metaphorically describes “Satan” as an instrument of God used to challenge and test mankind. The first place the word Satan ( שטן) is used is in the Bible is Numbers 22:22, and in this case, it concerns a good angel (lit: emissary) of God who attempts to “impede” or “oppose” – ( לשטן) the evil Balaam from cursing the Jews. This view, of Satan as an emissary, can also be seen in the book of Job where Satan tests Job and does so only with God’s permission. See also Isaiah 45:7.

6. Jesus did not fulfill the messianic requirements in the Jewish Scriptures, for example, Ezekiel 37:24-28. The majority of proof texts attributed to Jesus are based on mistranslated and out of context passages. My essay on this topic goes into greater detail.

7. In a similar vein, there is another astonishing misquote in the New Testament. Hebrews 10:5 says, “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me.” The use of the word body is a contrived attempt to allude to Jesus. In fact, the original Hebrew quotation from Psalms 40:6 states “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but my ears you have opened.” This means that God prefers obedience more than sacrifice as it says, “To obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams.” 1 Samuel 15:22

8. The word ( תשובה) can be broken up into two words ( תשוב) “to return” and ( ה) “God” and read as, “to return to God.”

9. Although the overwhelming majority of intentional sins did not require a blood sacrifice there were a few exceptions. For example, an unusual case of robbery mentioned in Leviticus 5:20-26 (Chapter 6:1-7 in Christian Bibles – see footnote 13). This particular intentional sin required a guilt offering because of special circumstances associated with it. However, this does not diminish in any way the fact that it is absolutely incorrect to claim that all sins needed blood sacrifices.

10. There were certain cases when unintentional sins did not require a blood sacrifice. For example, if someone committed involuntary manslaughter (Numbers Chapter 35) they were exiled to a “city of refuge” to protect them from a relative seeking revenge. The exile served as a means of punishment and atonement, without a blood sacrifice.

11. The chapter discusses another form of sin offering known as a guilt offering, and referred to in Hebrew as an “asham” – אשם)).

12. An unintentional sin implies that the person was misinformed or careless, and he needs to pay more attention. The cost of the purchasing the animal sacrifice helps to remind you that there are actual consequences.

13. Since the chapter and verse numbering is sometimes different in Christian Bibles, you may find this verse in Ecclesiastes 5:1. The Jewish bible’s formatting is almost identical to the ancient Dead Sea Scrolls and was established centuries before the Christian format.

14. In fact, charity is so powerful, King Solomon says, “Charity saves from death.” Proverbs 10:2. This is because charity represents: 1) True faith in God as the provider of our needs and 2) An opportunity to elevate back to God the life-force we put into earning money.

15. You don’t bring a sacrifice because you need to change and do true repentance on your own from the deepest recesses of your heart.

16. Additionally, both, Isaiah 45:17 and Psalm 49:15 refute the Christian idea of eternal damnation. These verses are two of the sources for the Jewish belief in Gehinom which is similar to the spiritual punishment of purgatory that is temporary and not permanent.

17. This verse also demonstrates the essential point that, “God and David their king (the Messiah)” are separate entities, and not one and the same as Christians incorrectly claim. The refutation of the Trinity and the bodily incarnation of God is the subject of another essay concerning the Unity of God and Idolatry.

18. The wording in this verse is very similar to 2 Chronicles 7:14 quoted earlier in this essay.

19. Reference Number 16:47 in some Christian Bibles.

20. In Hebrew the words “to make atonement for yourself” are “L’Kaper al Nafshotechem” – ( נפשתיכם על לכפר). This is the exact same phrase used in Exodus 30:15 which says, money makes “atonement for yourself.” The word “yourself” is Nefesh-( נפש) and is usually translated as “person” or “soul.” However, there are three different words for soul in the Hebrew Bible: Neshama refers to the spiritual soul, Ruach means the spirit and, Nefesh refers to the person’s basic life force that mankind shares with animals.

21. Examples of the Israel being referred to as a singular unit are, “All the people gathered as one man.” Nehemiah 8:1; “Israel is my son my first born.” Exodus 4:22; and “When Israel was a youth I loved him, and out of Egypt I called My son. Hosea 11:1.

22. Christians claim Isaiah 53 refers to a Suffering Servant of God (Jesus) who died for our sins. In my essay on Isaiah 53, I demonstrate that this is not true. This chapter refers to the suffering of the Jewish people who are depicted as one individual – God’s servant – as it says, “Israel you are my servant” Isaiah 41:8. The Jews suffered from the oppression of the nations of the world. This explanation is obvious when the chapter is read in context, and when we recognize that Isaiah 53:5 is mistranslated in Christian Bibles as “He was wounded for ( מ) our transgression.” The Hebrew letter “mem” – ( מ) in this verse means “from” and not “for.” The verse should read “He (the Jewish people) was wounded from our (the nations) transgressions.”

23. This can also be demonstrated in the significant difference between the translations of the word “Torah” into the Jewish Aramaic translation, and the Hellenized Christian Greek translation. In Aramaic the word Torah is translated as Oraita – (אורייתא) which means “light” – אור, which has an uplifting connotation, and in Greek the word Torah is translated as Nómos – (νόμος), which means “law” connoting something harsh and restrictive.

24. Imagine two groups of people on opposite sides of a mountain carrying heavy stones from the bottom to the top. The people on one side are distraught and the people on the other side of the mountain they are in a state of ecstasy. The difference is that the unhappy people are carrying granite and the happy people are carrying gold. If we view the commandments as gold rather than granite then they will obviously be appreciated as a gift and not a burden.

25. Christians misinterpret Jeremiah 31:31 claiming it speaks of a “New Covenant” that makes the covenant of Torah Law obsolete, as the New Testament says, “By calling the new covenant ‘new’, He has made the first obsolete” – Hebrews 8:13. This claim contradicts dozens of passages that say the commandments are eternal, for example, “The statutes, the ordinances, the law, and the commandment which He wrote for you, you shall be careful to observe forever.” – 2 Kings 17:37, and “He has commanded His covenant forever” – Psalm 111:9. God also promised He would never break His covenant with the Jews as it says, “I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy them completely, breaking my covenant with them” – Leviticus 26:44. In context, Jeremiah 31 speaks of a new and improved covenant. In addition to not being broken by God, this covenant will no longer be broken by the Jewish people because, in the future messianic age, God will give the Jews a new heart, and they will no longer be tempted to transgress the commandments. (See Ezekiel 36:26-27)

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