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Is There A Basis To Believe That Vaccines Contain Blood?

Is There A Basis To Believe That Vaccines Contain Blood?

Lawrence B. Palevsky, MD, ABIHM

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April 2019
Is There A Basis To Believe That Vaccines Contain Blood?

To Whom it May Concern:

In the course of my practice of pediatric and adolescent medicine, I’ve encountered parents who have chosen to withhold vaccinations from their children based upon religious objections.

As I understand it, placing the blood of others into their bodies is prohibited, as some parents interpret their religion’s commandments.

Presenting this rationale in application for exemption from school immunizations rests on the factual question: Do components of blood remain in the final vaccine products?

Inasmuch as some school administrations have required evidence to prove that blood material is actually present in the vials of all vaccines, I’ve undertaken to review the best available evidence: The ingredients listed by the manufacturers.

As the report on the following pages indicate, it does appear that all of the mandated vaccines I’ve listed contain blood components. Perhaps this will resolve the medical aspect of this issue.

Lawrence B. Palevsky, MD

Whether a vaccine is manufactured using a cell line (e.g., human, animal, insect), cultivated in a chick embryo or using yeast, blood components still inevitably get into the final product.

Human Cell Strains in Vaccine Development

When a vaccine is manufactured using a cell line propagated from human or animal tissue, the requirement for growth and propagation of these cell lines is fetal bovine/calf serum, human serum albumin, and/or bovine serum albumin, all of which are blood components. Serum from human and bovine sources are commonly used to support the growth of cells in culture.

Essentially, blood is ubiquitous to life, and all animal cells are nourished by the components that comprise blood. That includes the antigens within those cells, which later become the active ingredients in vaccines.

Serum and albumin provide the basic nutrients, both in the solution, as well as bound to the proteins for cells. These components are derived from the blood drawn from a bovine fetus via a closed system of collection at the slaughterhouse, or from blood donated by people. Fetal bovine serum is the most widely used serum- supplement for the in-vitro cell culture of eukaryotic cells. Serum components, including blood and its byproducts, inevitably end up in the final vaccine product. Thus, all vaccines manufactured using fetal calf serum, human serum, or bovine serum albumin, contain blood.

Two main human cell strains have been used to develop currently available vaccines, in each case with the original fetal cells in question obtained in the 1960s. The WI-38 cell strain was developed in 1962 in the United States, and the MRC-5 cell strain, also started with fetal lung cells, was developed using Hayflick’s technology in 1970 at the Medical Research Center in the United Kingdom.

The following vaccine examples were developed using either the WI-38 or the MRC-5 cell strains and, therefore, contain fetal calf serum, bovine serum albumin, or human serum albumin in the final products, as listed in the manufacturing process description in the package inserts:

  1. Hepatitis A vaccines [VAQTA/Merck, Havrix/GlaxoSmithKline, and part of Twinrix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Rubella vaccine [MERUVAX II/Merck, part of MMR II/Merck, and ProQuad/Merck]
  3. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine [Varivax/Merck, and part of ProQuad/Merck]
  4. Zoster (shingles) vaccine [Zostavax/Merck]
  5. Adenovirus Type 4 and Type 7 oral vaccine [Barr Labs]
  6. Rabies vaccine [IMOV AX/Sanofi Pasteur]
  7. Measles combo vaccine [ProQuad/ ]

Hayflick, L., Moorhead, P.S. The serial cultivation of human diploid cell strains. Experimental Cell Research. 1961; 25(3):585. 

Additional cell lines that are used in vaccine manufacturing are derived from animals including monkeys (Vero cells) and dogs (MDCK cells). The propagation of these cells also requires supplementation with calf/bovine serum similarly as with WI-38 and MRC-5 cell lines.

The following vaccine examples were developed using either Vero or MDCK cells and contain calf serum, and in the case of Flucelvax, canine DNA and proteins in the final product as listed in the description of the manufacturing process in the package inserts:

  1. DTaP combo vaccines [Kinrix/GlaxoSmithKline, Pediarix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Influenza vaccine [Flucelvax/Seqirus]
  3. Polio vaccine Polio [IPV–Ipol/ ]
  4. Japanese encephalitis vaccine [Ixiaro/Valneva]
  5. Rotavirus vaccine [RotaTeq/Merck]
  6. Smallpox vaccine [Vaccinia-ACAM2000/Emergent BioSolutions]

When a vaccine is manufactured using insect cells, its propagation requires supplementation with amino acids. Some amino acids, like proline and hydroxyproline, are precipitated from gelatin hydrolysates.

Gelatin is a yellowish, odorless, and nearly tasteless substance that is made by prolonged boiling of skin, cartilage, and bones from animals. It’s made primarily from the stuff meat industries have left over—pork skins, horns, and cattle bones. Gelatin by its manufacturing process contains blood components. Therefore, any vaccine supplemented with amino acids by its nature will have blood components.

The following vaccine examples were developed using insect cells, and were supplemented with amino acids derived from gelatin hydrolysates which were made from animal tissue and, thus, contain blood components.

  1. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine [Cerverix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Influenza vaccine [Flublok/Sanofi Pasteur]

When a vaccine is manufactured using yeast, the manufacturing of the virus in yeast requires supplementation with amino acids. As mentioned above, some amino acids like proline and hydroxyproline are precipitated from gelatin hyrdolysates. Gelatin is derived from boiling animal skin, cartilage, and bones. Therefore, even vaccines manufactured using yeast cells inevitably contain blood components.

The following vaccine examples were developed using yeast culture and were supplemented with amino acids, some of which were derived from gelatin hydrolysates. These vaccines contain blood components from the amino acids derivation.

  1. Hepatits B and combo vaccines [Comvax (combo of Pedvax/Merck and Recombivax/Merck)/Merck, Recombivax/Merck, Twinrix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  2. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines [Gardasil/Merck, Gardasil 9/Merck]
  3. Pneumococcal vaccines [PCV13 – Prevnar 13/Wyeth, PPSV-23 – Pneumovax/Merck]
  4. Meningococcal vaccines [MCV4-Menveo/GlaxoSmithKline, MPSV4-Menomune/Sanofi Pasteur,MCV4-Menactra/Sanofi Pasteur]
  5. Rotavirus vaccine [Rotarix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  6. Td vaccines [Tenivac/Sanofi Pasteur, TDvax/MassBiologics]
  7. Tdap vaccines [Adacel/Sanofi Pasteur, Boosterix/GlaxoSmithKline]
  8. Typhoid vaccine [Vivotif/Berna Biotech]

When a vaccine is manufactured using chick embryos (eggs), similarly as with developing vaccines using human or animal cell lines, the final vaccine product will have blood components because the egg yolk has blood that supplies the growing chick.

The following vaccine examples were developed using chick embryo cells and contain egg proteins contaminated with blood from the embryo in the final product.

  1. Influenza vaccines [Afluria/ Seqirus, Agriflu/Seqirus, Fluarix/GlaxoSmithKline, Fluvirin/Seqirus, Flulaval/GlaxoSmithKline, Fluzone/Sanofi Pasteur, Flumist/MedImmune]
  2. Rabies vaccine [RabAvert/GlaxoSmithKline]
  3. Yellow fever vaccine [YF-Vax/Sanofi Pasteur]

A BCG vaccine (Tice) manufactured by Merck contains glycerin which is a common ingredient used in many pharmaceuticals. Glycerin is derived from animal fat which also is inevitably contaminated with blood. Glycerin is an organic compound known more formally as glycerol. Its common sources are animal fat.

Many vaccines have gelatin. As stated, gelatin is a protein formed by boiling animal skin or connective tissue. Gelatin is used to stabilize vaccines so they remain effective after completion of the manufacturing process. All gelatin contained in vaccines is porcine in origin. All animal byproducts contain blood.

The following vaccine examples contain gelatin for stabilization purposes and thus contain blood components, through the manufacturing process, in the final product.

  1. Influenza vaccine [Flumist/Medimmune]
  2. Measles combo vaccine [MMR-II/Merck, ProQuad/Merck]
  3. Rabies vaccine [Rabavert/Novartis]
  4. Shingles (zoster) vaccine [Zostavax/Merck]
  5. Typhoid oral vaccine [Vivotif/Berna Biotech]
  6. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine [Varivax/Merck]
  7. Yellow fever vaccine [YF-Vax/Sanofi Pasteur]

As described in detail above, and from the table below, it is clearly evident that vaccines inherently are contaminated with blood components and blood byproducts. The manufacturing process does not remove them from the final vaccine product. [Blood-related material is in boldface in the following table.]

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V ACCINE

VACCINE INGREDIENTS

CONT AINS BLOOD?

SOURCE: PRODUCT INSERT DATED

sucrose, D-mannose, D-fructose, dextrose, potassium phosphate, plasdone C, anhydrous lactose, micro crystalline cellulose, polacrilin potassium, magnesium stearate, cellulose acetate phthalate, alcohol, acetone, castor oil, FD&C Yellow #6 aluminum lake dye, human serum albumin, fetal bovine serum, sodium bicarbonate, human-diploid fibroblast cell cultures (WI-38), Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium, monosodium glutamate

YES:
Fetal bovine serum, human cells

Apr 2014

aluminum hydroxide, benzethonium chloride, formaldehyde, amino acids, vitamins, inorganic salts and sugars

YES: Gelatin from amino acids

Nov 2015

glycerin, asparagine, citric acid, potassium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, Iron ammonium citrate, lactose

YES: Animal fat from glycerin

Feb 2009

aluminum potassium sulfate, peptone, bovine extract, formaldehyde, thimerosal (trace), modified Mueller and Miller medium, ammonium sulfate

YES:
Bovine extract

Jun 2018

formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, polysorbate 80, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium

YES: Bovine extract

Nov 2013

formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, Vero (monkey kidney) cells, calf serum, lactalbumin hydrolysate, polysorbate 80, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium

YES: calf serum, monkey cells, bovine extract

Nov 2013

formaldehyde, gluteraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, lactalbumin hydrolysate, polysorbate 80, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, yeast protein, calf serum, Fenton medium (containing bovine extract), modified Latham medium (derived from bovine casein), modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium, Vero (monkey kidney) cells

YES: calf serum, bovine extract, monkey cells

Nov 2013

aluminum phosphate, polysorbate 80, formaldehyde, sucrose, gutaraldehyde, bovine serum albumin, 2-phenoxethanol, neomycin, polymyxin B sulfate, Mueller’s Growth Medium, Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium (without beef heart infusion), Stainer-Scholte medium (modified by the addition of casamino acids and dimethyl- beta- cyclodextrin), MRC-5 (human diploid) cells, CMRL 1969 medium (supplemented with calf serum), ammonium sulfate, and medium 199

YES: calf serum, human cells

Sep 2016

yeast (vaccine contains no detectable yeast DNA), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, hemin chloride, soy peptone, dextrose, mineral salts, amino acids, formaldehyde, potassium aluminum sulfate, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, sodium borate, phenol, ethanol, enzymes, detergent

YES: Gelatin from amino acids

Dec 2010

aluminum hydroxide, amino acid supplement, polysorbate 20, formalin, neomycin sulfate, MRC-5 cellular proteins

YES: gelatin from amino acids, human cells

Dec 2013

amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, bovine albumin, formaldehyde, neomycin, sodium borate, MRC-5 (human diploid) cells

YES: bovine serum, human cells

Dec 2018

yeast protein, soy peptone, dextrose, amino acids, mineral salts, potassium aluminum sulfate, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, formaldehyde, phosphate buffer

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Dec 2018

Hep A/Hep B
(T winrix)

formalin, yeast protein, aluminum phosphate, aluminum hydroxide, amino acids, phosphate buffer, polysorbate 20, neomycin sulfate, MRC-5 human diploid cells

YES: gelatin from amino acids, human cells

Aug 2012

vitamins, amino acids, lipids, mineral salts, aluminum hydroxide, sodium dihydrogen phosphate dehydrate, 3-O- desacyl-4’ Monophosphoryl lipid A, insect cell, bacterial, and viral protein

YES: gelatin from amino acids, lipids from animal fat, insect cells

Nov 2013

yeast protein, vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts, carbohydrates, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, L- histidine, polysorbate 80, sodium borate

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Apr 2015

yeast protein, vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts, carbohydrates, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, L- histidine, polysorbate 80, sodium borate

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Oct 2018

beta-propiolactone, thimerosol (multi-dose vials only), monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, potassium chloride, calcium chloride, sodium taurodeoxycholate, neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B, egg protein, sucrose

YES: chick embryo cells

Jun 2018

egg proteins, formaldehyde, polysorbate 80, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, neomycin sulfate, kanamycin, barium

YES: chick embryo cells

Feb 2013

Influenza (Fluarix) Trivalent and Quadrivalent

octoxynol-10 (Triton X-100)-tocopheryl hydrogen succinate, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), hydrocortisone, gentamicin sulfate, ovalbumin, formaldehyde, sodium deoxycholate, sucrose, phosphate buffer

YES: chick embryo cells

Jul 2018

monobasic sodium phosphate, dibasic sodium phosphate, polysorbate 20, baculovirus and host cell proteins, baculovirus and cellular DNA, Triton X- 100, lipids, vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts

YES: gelatin from amino acids, insect cells

Mar 2018

Influenza (Flucelvax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m329134.pdf

Madin Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell protein, MDCK cell DNA, beta- propiolactone, phosphate buffer

YES: canine cells

Apr 2016

Influenza (Fluvirin)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m123694.pdf

nonylphenol ethoxylate, thimerosal (multi- dose vial–trace only in prefilled syringe), polymyxin, neomycin, beta-propiolactone, egg proteins, phosphate buffer

YES: chick embryo cells

Mar 2017

Influenza (Flulaval) Trivalent and Quadrivalent https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m112904.pdf

thimerosal, formaldehyde, sodium deoxycholate, egg proteins, phosphate buffer

YES: chick embryo cells

Nov 2016

Influenza (Fluzone: Standard) Trivalent and Quadrivalent, High-Dose, and Intradermal https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m356094.pdf

formaldehyde, octylphenol ethoxylate (Triton X-100), gelatin (standard trivalent formulation only), thimerosal (multi-dose vial only), egg protein, phosphate buffers, sucrose

YES: gelatin, chick embryo cells

Jan 2019

Influenza (FluMist) Quadrivalent https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM294307.pdf

ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), monosodium glutamate, hydrolyzed porcine gelatin, arginine, sucrose, dibasic potassium phosphate, monobasic potassium phosphate, gentamicin sulfate, egg protein

YES: gelatin, chick embryo cells

Jan 2018

Japanese Encephalitis (Ixiaro) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142569.pdf

aluminum hydroxide, Vero cells, protamine sulfate, formaldehyde, bovine serum albumin, sodium metabisulphite, sucrose

YES: bovine serum, monkey cells

Sep 2018

Meningococcal (MCV4-Menactra) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m131170.pdf

formaldehyde, phosphate buffers, Mueller Hinton agar, Watson Scherp media, Modified Mueller and Miller medium, detergent, alcohol, ammonium sulfate

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Apr 2018

Meningococcal (MCV4-Menveo) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m201349.pdf

formaldehyde, amino acids, yeast extract, Franz complete medium, CY medium

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Aug 2013

Meningococcal (MPSV4-Menomune) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m308370.pdf

thimerosal (multi-dose vial only), lactose, Mueller Hinton casein agar, Watson Scherp media, detergent, alcohol

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Mar 2016

MMR (MMR-II)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/UCM12 3789.pdf

Medium 199 (vitamins, amino acids, fetal bovine serum, sucrose, glutamate) , Minimum Essential Medium, phosphate, recombinant human albumin, neomycin, sorbitol, hydrolyzed gelatin, chick embryo cell culture, WI-38 human diploid lung fibroblasts

YES: fetal bovine serum, human serum, gelatin, human cells, chick embryo cells

Jun 2014

MMRV (ProQuad)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m123796.pdf

sucrose, hydrolyzed gelatin, sorbitol, monosodium L-glutamate, sodium phosphate dibasic, human albumin, sodium bicarbonate, potassium phosphate monobasic, potassium chloride, potassium phosphate dibasic, neomycin, bovine calf serum, chick embryo cell culture, WI-38 human diploid lung fibroblasts, MRC-5 cells

YES: gelatin, calf serum, chick embryo cells, human cells, monkey cells

Mar 2017

Pneumococcal (PCV13 – Prevnar 13) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM574852.pdf

casamino acids, yeast, ammonium sulfate, Polysorbate 80, succinate buffer, aluminum phosphate, soy peptone broth

YES: gelatin from amino acids

Aug 2017

Pneumococcal (PPSV-23 – Pneumovax) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM257088.pdf

Phenol, gelatin

YES: gelatin for stabilization of vaccine

May 2015

Polio (IPV – Ipol)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m133479.pdf

2-phenoxyethanol, formaldehyde, neomycin, streptomycin, polymyxin B, monkey kidney cells, Eagle MEM modified medium, calf serum protein, Medium 199

YES: calf serum, monkey cells

May 2013

Rabies (Imovax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m133484.pdf

Human albumin, neomycin sulfate, phenol red indicator, MRC-5 human diploid cells, beta-propriolactone

YES: human albumin, monkey cells

Apr 2013

Rabies (RabAvert)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m312931.pdf

beta-propiolactone, potassium glutamate, chicken protein, egg protein, neomycin, chlortetracycline, amphotericin B, human serum albumin, polygeline (processed bovine gelatin), sodium EDTA, bovine serum

YES: chick embryo cells, human albumin, gelatin, bovine serum

Mar 2012

Rotavirus (RotaTeq)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142288.pdf

sucrose, sodium citrate, sodium phosphate monobasic monohydrate, sodium hydroxide, polysorbate 80, cell culture media, fetal bovine serum, vero

cells [DNA from porcine circoviruses (PCV) 1 and 2 has been detected in RotaTeq. PCV-1 and PCV-2 are not known to cause disease in humans.]

YES: bovine serum, monkey cells

Feb 2017

Rotavirus (Rotarix)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m133539.pdf

amino acids, dextran, sorbitol, sucrose, calcium carbonate, xanthan, Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (potassium chloride, magnesium sulfate, ferric (III) nitrate, sodium phosphate, sodium pyruvate, D- glucose, concentrated vitamin solution, L-cystine, L-tyrosine, amino acids solution, L-glutamine, calcium chloride, sodium hydrogenocarbonate, and phenol red) [Porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV-1) is present in Rotarix.]

YES: gelatin from amino acids

May 2014

Smallpox (Vaccinia – ACAM2000) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142572.pdf

human serum albumin, mannitol, neomycin, glycerin, polymyxin B, phenol, Vero cells, HEPES

YES: human albumin, monkey cells

Mar 2018

Td (Tenivac)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/UCM15 2826.pdf

aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, modified Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium without beef heart infusion, ammonium sulfate

YES: gelatin for stabilization and from amino acids

Apr 2013

Td (TDvax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m164127.pdf

aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, thimerosal (trace), ammonium phosphate, modified Mueller’s media (containing bovine extracts)

YES: bovine extract

Sep 2018

Tdap (Adacel)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142764.pdf

aluminum phosphate, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, 2-phenoxyethanol, ammonium sulfate, Stainer-Scholte medium, dimethyl-beta-cyclodextrin, modified Mueller’s growth medium, Mueller-Miller casamino acid medium (without beef heart infusion)

YES: gelatin for stabilization and from amino acids

Jan 2019

Tdap (Boostrix)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/ucm1528 42.pdf

formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), Latham medium derived from bovine casein, Fenton medium containing a bovine extract, Stainer-Scholte liquid medium

YES: bovine extract

Feb 2013

Typhoid (Vivotif)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142807.pdf

yeast extract, casein, dextrose, galactose, sucrose, ascorbic acid, amino acids, lactose, magnesium stearate. gelatin

YES: gelatin

Sep 2013

Varicella (Varivax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/BiologicsBl oodVaccines/Vaccine s/ApprovedProducts/ UCM142812.pdf

sucrose, phosphate, glutamate, gelatin, monosodium L-glutamate, sodium phosphate dibasic, potassium phosphate monobasic, potassium chloride, sodium phosphate monobasic, potassium chloride, EDTA, residual components of MRC-5 cells including DNA and protein, neomycin, fetal bovine serum, human diploid cell cultures (WI-38), embryonic guinea pig cell cultures, human embryonic lung cultures

YES: monkey cells, bovine serum, human cells

Oct 2018

Yellow Fever (YF-Vax)

https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m142831.pdf

sorbitol, gelatin, egg protein

YES: gelatin, chick embryo cells

Jun 2016

Zoster (Shingles – Zostavax) https://www.fda.gov/d ownloads/biologicsbl oodvaccines/vaccines/ approvedproducts/uc m132831.pdf

sucrose, hydrolyzed porcine gelatin, monosodium L-glutamate, sodium phosphate dibasic, potassium phosphate monobasic, neomycin, potassium chloride, residual components of MRC-5 cells including DNA and protein, bovine calf serum

YES: gelatin, monkey cells, bovine serum

Mar 2018

Quantitation Issues

Vaccine manufacturers might have you believe that components of animal and human blood derivatives are undetectable in the final vaccine product, or are found in such minute amounts that they are immaterial. However, newer detection methods have shown otherwise. Not only are blood byproducts detectable in final vaccines, they are possibly at 40 times the amount acceptable by established guidelines. Moreover, these remaining vaccine animal blood products are in quantitatively sufficient amounts to elicit allergic reactions to these components. Here’s just a small sample of scientific articles supporting my assertion.

BSA in a single vaccine dose can be as high 40x the level acceptable and mandated by the WHO of the U.N.:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003269714001997

Evidence of Animal Proteins Causing Allergic Reactions After Vaccination: Calf serum proteins as a possible cause of allergic reactions after vaccination

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0092115773900553?via%3Dihub

Human B and T cell epitopes of bovine serum albumin as the cause of beef allergies

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X02003819

Sensitization to serum albumins in children allergic to cow’s milk and epithelia

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2007.00548.x

Sensitization to bovine serum albumin as a possible cause of allergic reactions to vaccines

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X17301731

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